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Joseph T. Robinson Research Materials, 1908-1943

Manuscript Collection 1959

Special Collections Department
University of Arkansas Libraries

365 N. McIlroy Avenue
Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701-4002
Phone: (479) 575-8443

Machine-readable finding aid encoded in EAD by Cody W. Hackett, 2013

Finding Aid is written in English.

Table of Contents

Descriptive Summary

Joseph Taylor Robinson, 1872-1937
Joseph T. Robinson Research Materials
Inclusive Dates
MC 1959
0.75 linear feet (2 boxes)
Special Collections, University of Arkansas Libraries

Access Information

Please call (479) 575-8444 or email at least two weeks in advance of your arrival to ensure availability of the materials.

Use Information

No Use Restrictions Apply.

No Interlibrary Loan.

Standard Federal Copyright Laws Apply (U.S. Title 17).

Acquisition Information

The Joseph T. Robinson Research Materials were donated to Special Collections, University of Arkansas Libraries, in December of 2012 by Winnie M. Rhodes.

Processing Information

Processed by Cody W. Hackett; completed in June 2013.

Preferred Form of Citation

Joseph T. Robinson Research Materials (MC 1959), Special Collections, University of Arkansas Libraries, Fayetteville.

See Special Collections Citation Guide for more detailed information on how to cite specific documents from the collection.

Biographical Note

Joseph Taylor Robinson was born on August 26, 1872, in Lonoke County, Arkansas to James Madison Robinson and Matilda Jane Swaim. In his childhood, Robinson helped chop cotton and tended to his fathers apple orchard. During his teenage years and with fewer than forty-six months of formal education, Robinson made a reputation as a public speaker, winning contests in subjects such as politics and religion. At seventeen, he became licensed to teach first grade in county schools. After teaching for two years, Robinson enrolled at that University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. He attended college for one year until his fathers death in 1892, when he returned to Lonoke County, Arkansas where he studied law with Thomas C. Trimble. The year 1894 marked the beginning of Robinsons political career when he defeated the Populist candidate for state representative and became the youngest member of the General Assembly at the age of twenty-two. In 1902, he won a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, a position he held for a decade. Robinson supported progressive legislation to reform government and big business and voted for the graduated income-tax and women suffrage amendments. In 1912, Robinson was elected Governor of Arkansas, but resigned on March 8, 1913 to take the recently deceased Jeff Daviss Senate seat. Robinson was reelected to four more Senate terms. In 1928, he was nominated for Vice President on the Democratic ticket with Al Smith of New York, but Herbert Hoover was elected President. After the 1932 election, with the Democrats in control of the federal government, Robinson became the Majority Leader of the Senate under Franklin Roosevelt. In 1933, he guided the Emergency Banking Act through the Senate and introduced and pushed for passage of the Civilian Conservation Corp, the Federal Emergency Relief Act, the Work Relief Act, the Home Owners Loan Act, and the Railroad Coordination Act. Robinson died of a heart attack on July 14, 1937, while working for Roosevelts court-packing proposal.

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of research materials gathered by Dennis Rhodes, concerning the life of Joseph T. Robinson. Much of Rhodes'research concerns Robinson's work in foreign relations, his stance on Prohibition, and general newspaper and periodical clippings regarding Robinson's life and death. Many of the folders appear to contain original or copied correspondence of Senator Robinson, or his staff. Also included in the collection are: speeches, press releases, and newspaper and periodical clippings.

Arrangement of the Papers

Materials are arranged by topic.

Detailed Description of the Collection

The following contains a detailed list of the materials in the collection

Box 1

Box 1 Folder 1

Foreign Affairs Correspondence , 1922-1929

Box 1 Folder 2

Foreign Affairs Materials , 1908-1927; n.d.

Box 1 Folder 3

Foreign Affairs Materials , 1930-1936; n.d.

Box 1 Folder 4

Prohibition Correspondence , 1928-1937

Box 1 Folder 5

Prohibition Materials , 1911-1932; n.d.

Box 1 Folder 6

Russia Materials , December 1928-September 1929

Box 1 Folder 7

World Court Materials , 1928

Box 1 Folder 8

General Materials , 1922-1928

Box 1 Folder 9

Joseph T. Robinson Biography Clippings , 1930-1937; n.d

Box 1 Folder 10

Joseph T. Robinson Clippings , March-July 1935

Box 2

Box 2 Folder 1

Joseph T. Robinson Clippings , August-December 1935

Box 2 Folder 2

Joseph T. Robinson Clippings , 1936

Box 2 Folder 3

Joseph T. Robinson Clippings , 1937-1943