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Act 10 and AAUP Papers, 1959-1968
Manuscript Collection 1039
INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLECTION
Papers concerning Act 10 of the Arkansas Legislature (1958), as well as the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) were donated to the Special Collections Department by Harold D. Hantz, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, Fayetteville, November 1989.
Act 10, passed by a special session of the Arkansas Legislature, August 1958, required every teacher in Arkansas to file a sworn affidavit listing organizations that the teacher was a member of or had contributed to in the past five years. Many University of Arkansas faculty members filed under protest, some resigned rather than comply, and four (Max Carr, Frederick G. Friedmann, John L. McKenney, and Thelma W. Taylor) refused to comply and were fired. After Act 10 was declared unconstitutional by the United States Supreme Court in 1960, an attempt was made to have the four reinstated. When the University of Arkansas refused reinstatement, AAUP censured the president and board of trustees. After improvements in faculty participation in university government, academic freedom, clarification of tenure policy, and compensation for the four faculty members (through privately raised funds), censure was lifted in 1968.
Harold D. Hantz was elected to the National Council of AAUP in 1959. Included in the collection are correspondence and other papers pertaining to the University of Arkansas chapter of AAUP and the National Council during Hantz's three-year term.
In addition to correspondence, clippings and papers pertaining to Act 10 and the AAUP, a copy of Hantz's own affidavit is included as well as some correspondence pertaining to the presentation of AAUP's Meiklejohn Award to Guerdon Nichols, dean of the College of Arts and Sciences during the Act 10 struggle. Many items have notes by the donor attached. Undated items have been left in the order established by the donor.
Processed by Nan Lawler, Special Collections Division, University of Arkansas Libraries, Fayetteville, Arkansas, in July 1990.
CONTENTS OF THE COLLECTION
300 items (2 boxes)
Box 1. Act 10 and its aftermath
1. Sample affidavit, copy of affidavit filed by Harold D. Hantz,
and correspondence pertaining to Guerdon Nichols and the Meiklejohn Award.
2. Briefs and opinions on Act 10 lawsuit, United States Supreme Court, 1960.
3. Correspondence and other papers pertaining to Act 10 and its aftermath, October 1958 - December 1960.
4. Correspondence and other papers pertaining to Act 10 and its aftermath, January - August 1961.
5. Correspondence and other papers pertaining to Act 10 and its aftermath, September - December 1961.
6. Correspondence and other papers pertaining to the attempt to reinstate faculty, January - May 1962.
7. Correspondence and other papers pertaining to the attempt to reinstate faculty, 1964-1968.
8. Clippings pertaining to Act 10 and the censure of the University of Arkansas, 1959-1973.
Box 2. AAUP papers.
1. AAUP papers, mostly pertaining to local matters, including
off-campus duty assignments, Social Security, and Lake Wedington, 1953-1955,
2. AAUP papers, mostly pertaining to academic freedom and tenure, 1955-1975.
3. AAUP papers, mostly national and regional, pertaining mainly to faculty participation in college and university government, 1959-1960.
4. AAUP papers, mostly pertaining to the economic status of the professional, 1960.
5. Drafts, copies, and letter pertaining to "On the Role of AAUP in Higher Education," a paper prepared for a meeting of the Arkansas State Conference of AAUP in Little Rock, March 23, 1963.
6. Other AAUP Council correspondence and papers, 1959.
7. Other AAUP Council correspondence and papers, 1960.
8. Other AAUP Council correspondence and papers, January - April 1961.
9. Other AAUP Council correspondence and papers, May - December 1961.
10. Other AAUP Council correspondence and papers, 1962.