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Arthur M. Harding Papers

Papers and Scrapbooks, c. 1900-1948, 1960

Manuscript Collection 531



INFORMATION ABOUT ARTHUR M. HARDING

Harding was the first Arkansas native named president of the University of Arkansas.  Born September 3, 1884 in Pine Bluff, Arkansas, Harding was raised in Fayetteville, Arkansas, where he attended public schools.  After receiving his B.A. degree in mathematics from the University of Arkansas in 1904, Harding joined the mathematics department as an instructor.  He then earned his master's and doctoral degrees in 1913 and 1916 in mathematics from the University of Chicago, and returned to Fayetteville to accept a professorship.

Harding served as the University of Arkansas's first examiner and as registrar during World War I.  He was also secretary of the Alumni Association for twenty-five years, founder of the Arkansas Alumnus (which he edited for twenty years), manager and operator of radio station KUOA for ten years, and in 1919 organized the General Extension Service (later to become the Division of Continuing Education), which he administered until 1941.  In that year, he succeeded J. William Fulbright as president of the University of Arkansas, a post he held for six years.

Many of the papers in this collection concern President Harding's avocation, astronomy.  He wrote many popular articles on the subject, lectured nationally on astronomical topics, (including the Chautauqua circuit), contributed weekly newspaper columns on astronomy to the Arkansas Gazette and the Chicago Tribune, co-authored four astronomy textbooks, and authored a popular best-seller, Astronomy.




INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLECTION

The papers include letters, speeches, scrapbooks, programs, handbills, photographs, slides, and artifacts.  The scrapbooks contain primarily newspaper clippings of events concerning Harding's presidency of the University of Arkansas.  The approximately six hundred glass slides were used by Harding as visual aids for his speaking engagements.

Papers relating to Arthur McCracken Harding (September 3, 1884 - December 24, 1947) were donated to Special Collections by Mary Frances Harding Newbern of Fayetteville, Arkansas,  September 22, 1984.

Processed by Leon C. Miller, Special Collections Division, University of Arkansas Libraries, Fayetteville, Arkansas, in August 1987.


CONTENTS OF THE COLLECTION (4 linear feet)
 

Series 1. Writings and Speeches.  (Boxes 1-4)

  Subseries 1. Drafts
  Subseries 2. Publications
  Subseries 3. Speeches

Series 2. Scrapbooks.  (Box 5)

Series 3. Correspondence, Clippings, and Personal Items.  (Box 6)

Series 4. Photographs.  (Box 7)

Series 5. Glass Slides.  (Slide Case)

Series 6. Artifacts.  (Box 8)


Series 1.  Writings and Speeches (Boxes 1-4)

This series encompasses three subseries.  Subseries 1 contains typescripts of Harding's articles.  Subseries 2 contains examples of Harding's popular writings.  It also contains a printed copy of Harding's dissertation and a small notebook in which Harding kept typed copies of miscellaneous essays and speeches.  Subseries 3 contains material relating to Harding's popular lectures, which are arranged chronologically.  Undated speeches are arranged by topic.  Also included in this subseries are brochures, broadsides, and clippings related to Harding's public speaking appearances and lecture notes on 3 x 5 index cards.

Subseries 1. Typescripts.

Box 1

 1. Astronomy articles, Jan 1933 - Dec 22, 1935.
 2. Monthly Constellations, Sept-Oct, n.d.
 3. "As Time Goes By," n.d.
 4. "From the Astronomical Question Box," n.d.
 5. Home Study Course in Elementary Descriptive Astronomy, n.d.
 6. "Let's Look at the Stars," n.d.
 7. "Stories About the Earth," n.d.
 8. "Skytours With Harding," n.d.
 9. Miscellaneous typescripts of astronomy articles, n.d.

Subseries 2. Publications.

Box 2

Folder 1. Reprints.

 1. "About Eclipses." Children's Activities for Home and    School 8 (June, 1942):26.
 2. "For Fathers Only." Parents' Magazine XII (September, 1937):16.
 3. "How Time is Measured." Journal of Calendar Reform (July, 1937):93-97.
 4. "Let's Go Bear Hunting." Leisure: The Magazine of a Thousand Diversions IV (June, 1937):23-59.
 5. "Something About the Stars." Children's Activities for Home and School 8 (January, 1942): 22.

Box 2 (cont.)

 6. "Our Calendar." Children's Activities for Home and School 8 (April, 1942):19.
 7. "Our Holidays." Children's Activities for Home and School 8 (May, 1942):24-40.
 8. "Our Universe." Children's Activities for Home and School 7 (September, 1941):13.
 9. "Our Universe." Children's Activities for Home and School Children's Activities for Home and School 7 (October, 1941):13-38.
 10. "Our Universe." Children's Activities for Home and School 7 (November, 1941):12-36.
 11. "Time Through the Ages." Journal of Calendar Reform (October, 1937):162-169.
 12. "Time Units of History." Journal of Calendar Reform (April, 1937):51-57.
 13. "The Sun's Family." Children's Activities for Home and School 8 (February, 1942): 18.
 14. "What is the Earth?" Highlights Handbook: Exploring Space (1960):5.
 15. "What is Time?" Children's Activities for Home and School 7 (December, 1941):26.
 16. "What's in the Sky This Month?" Parents' Magazine VIII (August, 1933):29-39.

Folder 2. Brochures, correspondence, and reviews concerning Harding's book, Astronomy, Dec 8, 1935-Jan 20, 1940.

Folder 3. Publishing contracts, 1922-1934.

Folder 4. On Certain Loci Projectively Connected With a Given Plane Curve (Harding's Dissertation), University of Chicago, 1916.

Folder 5. Notebook containing miscellaneous essays and speeches, n.d.

Subseries 3. Speeches

Box 3

 1. Speeches, Sept 1931-May 29, 1933.
 2. Speeches, May 24, 1937-June 10, 1938.
 3. Speeches, Apr 20, 1939-Sept 14, 1942.
 4. Speeches, June 25, 1943-Oct 5, 1944.
 5. Speeches concerning "Americanism," n.d.
 6. Speeches concerning the Rotary Club, n.d.
 7. Speeches concerning the U. S. Constitution, n.d.
 8. Miscellaneous speeches, n.d.
 9. Brochures and broadsides concerning Harding's public lectures on astronomy, 1933-1937.

Box 3 (cont.)

 10. Scrapbook of clippings concerning Harding's public lectures on astronomy, 1925-1940.

Box 4. Lecture notes on 3 x 5 cards concerning astronomy.


Series 2.  Scrapbooks (Box 5)

The Harding scrapbooks are divided into two subseries.  Subseries 1 contains newspaper clippings relating to Harding's tenure as university president.  Subseries 2 contains miscellaneous clippings primarily concerning Harding'speaking engagements, and clippings of Harding's newspaper columns on astronomy.

Subseries 1.

Box 5

 1. Assumption of the presidency, 1941.
 2. University items and speaking engagements, 1941-42.
 3. University items, 1941-42.
 4. University items, 1942.
 5. University items, 1943.
 6. University items, 1943-44.
 7. University items, 1944-45.
 8. University items and Harding resignation, 1945-46.

Subseries 2.

Volume 1. Newspaper clippings, Sept 1, 1923-Feb 1, 1925.
Volume 2. Harding's weekly newspaper columns for the Arkansas Gazette, May 15-Dec 15, 1932.
Volume 3. Harding's weekly newspaper columns for the Arkansas Gazette, Jan 1 - June 25, 1933.
Volume 4. Harding's weekly newspaper columns for the Arkansas Gazette, Apr 24, 1932 - Dec 30, 1934.


Series 3.  Correspondence, Clippings, and Personal Items (Box 6)

Three pieces of correspondence to Harding--the only Harding correspondence in the collection--are contained in this series. Also in this series are loose newspaper clippings about Harding concerning principally his speaking engagements, personal and family items such as a Harding family genealogy and war-time ration coupons, and obituaries of Harding's death.

Box 6

 1. Correspondence, Mar 26-27, 1945.
 2. Clippings about Harding, 1928-47.
 3. The Delta, Dec 1941.
 4. Personal items: genealogy, poems, ration coupons, etc.
 5. Obituaries.


Series 4.  Photographs (Box 7)

The thirty-seven photographs in the Harding Papers are arranged in rough chronological order.  The item descriptions note if negatives exist for individual photographs.  However, negatives are restricted except for duplication purposes.

Box 7

Subseries 1. Photographs of Harding from his youth through his assumption of the University of Arkansas Presidency in 1941.

 1. Formal portrait, Harding as youth in cadet uniform.  Note on verso: "Medal is for best drilled cadet." n.d. 5 x 7 [Negative No. 24].
 2. Formal portrait. Note on verso: "At time of graduation." n.d. 4 x 5 [Negatives No. 17A-20].
 3. Formal portrait, roughly cut oval photograph of young Harding, n.d. 4 x 5 [Negatives No. 5A-8].
 4. Formal portrait.  Note on verso: "Dr. A.M.  Harding Director of General Extension Service University of Arkansas Fayetteville, Ark." n.d. 3 x 4 1/2 [Negatives No. 14A-17].
 5. Note on verso: "A. M. Harding speaking at Ark. Fire School Fayetteville, 1938." 4 x 6.
 6. Informal group photograph.  L to R:  J. G. Ragsdale, Chair, U of A Board of Trustees, and President and Mrs. Harding.  Note on verso:  "Taken at alumni reception June 9, 1941 following Dr. Harding's elevation to the Presidency of the U of A."  4 x 6 [Negatives No. 19-21A].

Subseries 2. Formal portraits of Harding sitting at desk as U. of A. President, n.d.
 

 7. One 3 1/2 x 4 1/5, two 5 x 6, one 7 x 9, and one 8 x 10.  [Negatives No. 13-18A] (1 of 5).
 8. One 3 1/2 x 4 1/5, two 5 x 6, one 7 x 9, and one 8 x 10.  [Negatives No. 13-18A] (2 of 5).
 9. One 3 1/2 x 4 1/5, two 5 x 6, one 7 x 9, and one 8 x 10.  [Negatives No. 13-18A] (3 of 5).
10. One 3 1/2 x 4 1/5, two 5 x 6, one 7 x 9, and one 8 x 10.  [Negatives No. 13-18A] (4 of 5).
11. One 3 1/2 x 4 1/5, two 5 x 6, one 7 x 9, and one 8 x 10.  [Negatives No. 13-18A] (5 of 5).

Subseries 3. Commencement, 1943.

12. U of A, June, 1943, 3 x 3 3/4. (1 of 3)
13. U of A, June, 1943, 3 x 3 3/4. (2 of 3)
14. U of A, June, 1943, 3 x 3 3/4. (3 of 3)
15. General Brehon Somervell receiving honorary doctorate, June, 1943. 4 x 5.  Credit "U. S. Army Signal Corps" [Negatives No. 10-12A].
16. Thomas B. Freeman receiving honorary doctorate, June, 1943.  4 x 5.  Credit "U. S. Army Signal Corps" [Negatives No. 4-6A].
17. J. Edgar Hoover receiving honorary doctorate, June, 1943.  4 x 5.  Credit "U. S. Army Signal Corps" [Negative No. 3-3A].
18. Judge Walter G. Riddick receiving honorary doctorate.  June, 1943.  4 x 5.  Credit "U. S. Army Signal Corps"  [Negatives No. 7-9A].

Subseries 4. Outdoor commencement reception, 1943.

Box 7 (cont.)

19. Outdoor reception following commencement, June, 1943. 1/2 x 3 1/2 (1 of 2).
20. Outdoor reception following commencement, June, 1943. 1/2 x 3 1/2 (2 of 2).
21. Outdoor reception following commencement, June, 1943. 3 x 4.
22. General Somervell, Harding, General Donovan and Colonel White at outdoor reception following commencement, June, 1943.  4 x 5.  Credit "U. S. Army Signal Corps" [Negatives No. 24A-26].
23-25. President and Mrs. Harding, Governor Homer Adkins, and General and Mrs. Somervell at outdoor reception following commencement, June, 1943.  3 x 4 [Negatives No. 8A-14].
26. Somervell, Donovan, and White at outdoor reception following commencement, June 1943. 4 x 5.  Credit "U. S. Army Signal Corps."

Subseries 5. Indoor commencement reception and Somervell party at airport, 1943.

 27. Harding and J. Edgar Hoover at indoor commencement reception, U of A, June, 1943.  3 x 4.
 28. Indoor commencement reception, U of A, June, 1943.  3 x 4.
 29. General and Mrs. Somervell arriving at Fayetteville airport.  L to R: unknown, General Donovan (back to camera), General Somervell, Colonel White (back to camera), Mrs.  Somervell. June, 1943.  4 x 5.  Credit "U. S. Army Signal Corps" [Negatives No. 30A-32].
 30. General and Mrs. Somervell arriving at Fayetteville airport.  L to R: Mrs. Somervell, Donovan, Somervell, White.  4 x 5.  Credit "U. S. Army Signal Corps [Negatives No. 32A-35].

Subseries 6. Miscellaneous Photographs.

 31. President and Mrs. Harding with Lord and Lady Halifax, U of A, March, 1945. 3 x 3 1/2 [Negatives No. 4A-5].
 32. Harding with the President of the Golden Rule Foundation of New York City, the President of Em [sic] Teachers College of Nacogdoches, Texas, the Superintendent of Hot Springs Schools, the Director of the U. of Texas Extension Service, the Founder of the Palmer Foundation, the Superintendent of Texarkana Schools, and the Pastor of Presbyterian Church, Texarkana.  Dec, 1946.  Signatures of those in photograph on verso.  8 x 10 [Negatives No. 28-30A].
 33. Formal portrait of Harding.  Note on verso: "Present likeness at time of Retirement as University President 1-31-47." 4 x 5 [Negatives 26A-29].
 34. Aerial view of the U of A, n.d.  5 x 7.
  35. Winter scene of Harding home.  Note on verso: "Home of Arthur M. Harding 1931-1947 (photo. made during his presidency)." 3 x 5.


Series 5.  Glass Slides (wooden case)

The approximately six hundred glass slides were used by Harding in his popular lectures.  They are mostly professionally prepared slides purchased from dealers, but approximately fifty were made by Harding himself.  They are arranged by the subject categories assigned to them by Harding.

Drawer 1. Arkansas Education, Americanism, the Calendar, and Miscellaneous.
Drawer 2. Stars and Sun.
Drawer 3. Bible, Comets.
Drawer 4. General Meteors.
Drawer 5. Moon Mythology.
Drawer 6. Nebulas, Planets.
Drawer 7. Duplicates.


Series 6.  Artifacts (Box 8)

Box 8 (oversize)

 1. Paperweights (1 of 2).
 2. Paperweights (2 of 2).
 3. Set of compasses in black leather case.
 4. Slide rule in brown leather case.
 5. Small carpenter's square.
 6. "Astra-Guide" (cardboard device for locating stars).
 7. Centennial Edition of the Fayetteville Daily Democrat, Section C.
 8. 16 inch, 33 1/3, phonograph record transcription of talk by Harding on the radio program, "Spokane Speaks," March 6, 1941.
 9. Harding articles for the Chicago Tribune Syndicate, Sept 3 - Oct 28, 1934.



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