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Hattie Wyatt Caraway Papers

Correspondence, Photographs, Journal, 
  and Clippings, c. 1884 - 1950

Manuscript Collection MS C176
 
 



 
Hattie W. Caraway Stamp
Released February 21, 2001
Used with permission of the U.S. Postal Service

INFORMATION ABOUT HATTIE WYATT CARAWAY

The Hattie Wyatt Caraway Papers were donated to the University of Arkansas Libraries by Mrs. Betty Caraway Hill, Tucson, Arizona, in November 1973.

Hattie Wyatt Caraway (1878-1950), U. S. Senator from Arkansas 1931-1944, was the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate in her own right. She was born February 1, 1878, near Bakersville, Tennessee. At fourteen, she entered Dickson (Tennessee) Normal College, where she earned a B.A. degree in 1896 and also met Thaddeus Horatius Caraway, a fellow student several years older than she. The couple married in 1902 and had three sons, Paul Wyatt, Forrest, and Robert Easley. They settled in Arkansas where Thaddeus Caraway practiced law and entered first local and then state politics.

Thaddeus Caraway was elected to the United States Congress in 1912, and to the Senate in 1920. He was reelected in 1926 but died unexpectedly in 1931, and his widow was appointed in his place. In a special election early in 1932 she was elected to the office. Unexpectedly she decided to run for a full term in 1932, and supported by Huey Long of Louisiana, she conducted an intense campaign and won the Democratic nomination, tantamount to election.

In 1938 she won her second full term, and continued to support the Roosevelt economic program.. She lost her race for a third term in 1944, but remained in Washington in other Civil Service positions. Hattie Caraway died December 21, 1950.

Senator Caraway's journal from this collection was edited by Diane D. Blair and published under the title Silent Hattie Speaks: the Personal Journal of Senator Hattie Caraway, Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1979.


INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLECTION

Correspondence, 1919-1950; photographs, c. 1884-1943; journal, 1931-1934; scrapbooks of clippings, 1927-1931 and 1934-1944; and other material pertaining to Thaddeus Horatius Caraway's political and other activities, 1927-1931, and Hattie Wyatt Caraway's political and other activities, 1931-1945, while serving as U.S. Senators from Arkansas (1920-1931 and 1931-1945, respectively); to T.H. Caraway's death, 1931; to H.W. Caraway's post-Senatorial career as U.S. civil servant, 1945-1950; and to personal and familial affairs of the Caraway family, c. 1884-1950.

Correspondents include Grace Coolidge, Harvey Crowley Couch, Charles Curtis, Robert Courtney Davis, James Aloysius Farley, Lewis Blaine Hershey, Mary Teresa Norton, Claude Denson Pepper, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and Harry S. Truman.

Processed by Bruce Parham, Special Collections Division, University of Arkansas Libraries, Fayetteville, Arkansas.

Arranged in four series; descriptive calendar of correspondence, series inventories.

RESTRICTIONS: Series 3, Item 8; Service 8x only.  For Series 4, use microfilm copy only.


CONTENTS OF THE COLLECTION (83 items)

Series 1. Correspondence (27 items, in Folder 1)

Series 2. Photographs (45 items, in Folder 2 and 3)

Series 3. Miscellaneous (9 items, in Folders 4, 5 and 6)

Series 4. Scrapbooks (2 items)


Series 1.  Correspondence (Folder 1)
 

Folder 1

 1. Mar 28, 1919.  MS/TLS.  2 p. on 2 L.  Attach.  W[illia]m Wyatt (Bakersville, Tenn.) To Hattie Wyatt Caraway (Jonesboro, Ark.) Giving genealogical information about the Wyatt family.

 2. Aug 13, 1923.  ALS.  4 p. on 1 fold. L.  Attach.  Grace (Mrs. Calvin) Coolidge (Washington, D.C.) to HWC (Jonesboro, Ark.) expressing her concern over Mrs. [Warren G.] Harding's health, and also stating she still hopes to attend the Senate Ladies luncheons.

 3. Nov 25, 1923.  ALS.  1 p.  HWC (Washington, D.C.) to "Dear Sir," asking for the official record of Robert Wyatt, a soldier in the War of 1812.

 4. Nov 28, 1923.  TLS.  1 p. Attach.  Robert C[ourtney] Davis (Washington, D.C.) to HWC (Washington, D.C.) giving the War Department's official service record for Robert Wyatt.

 5. Jan 27, 1930.  ALS.  2 p. on 1 L.  Paul [Wyatt Caraway] (California) to [Thaddeus Horatius Caraway - Washington, D.C.?] giving the news that he is leaving California soon to return east.

 6. Nov 7, 1931.  TLS.  1 p. on 1 fold. L.  Charles Curtis (Washington, D.C.) to HWC (Jonesboro, Ark.) expressing his sympathy at the death of [Thaddeus Horatius] Caraway.

 7. Nov. 7, 1931.  TLS.  1 p. on 1 fold. L.  Louis Wiley [New York City] to Joseph T[aylor] Robinson (Little Rock) giving his condolences on the death of [Thaddeus Horatius] Caraway.

 8. Feb 1, 1932.  TLS.  1 p.  Franklin D[elano] Roosevelt (Albany, N.Y.) to HWC (Washington, D.C.) thanking her for his birthday greetings.

 9. Apr 25, 1933.  TLS.  1 p. on 1 fold. L.  Franklin D[elano] Roosevelt (Washington, D.C. to HWC (Washington, D.C.) thanking her for sending a resolution adopted by the Arkansas Daughters of the American Revolution.

 10. Jun 15, 1936.  Proc TS.  1 p.  Harlan Hobbs (Little Rock) to [HWC, place ?] announcing the commemoration of Arkansas's 100 years of statehood.

 11. Jun 15, 1936.  Proc TS.  1 p.  Harvey [Crowley] Couch (Little Rock) to [HWC, place ?] extending an invitation to visit Arkansas during the Centennial year.

 12. Dec 20, 1937.  TLS.  2 p. on 1 fold. L.  Franklin D[elano] Roosevelt (Washington, D.C.) to HWC (Washington, D.C.) discussing the wages and working hours of Southern workers.

 13. Sep 12, 1942.  TLS.  1 p. on fold. L.  Franklin D[elano] Roosevelt (Washington, D.C.) to HWC (Washington, D.C.) discussing the idea of Claude Bower's resignation.

 14. Oct 26, 1943.  TLS Photocopy.  1 p.  Franklin D[elano] Roosevelt (Washington, D.C.) to HWC (Washington, D.C.) expressing his delight that she has been serving as acting President of the Senate pro tempore.

 15. Jul 25, 1946.  TLS.  1 p.  Leo L. Miller (Washington, D.C.) to HWC (New York City) enclosing the forms necessary to make payroll adjustments in connection with her new appointment as member of the Employees Compensation Appeal Board.

 16. Jul 29, 1946.  TL copy.  1 p.  Attach.  HWC [New York City] to Leo L. Miller (Washington, D.C.) thanking him for sending the payroll adjustment forms.

 17. Aug 4, 1947.  TLS.  1 p.  Maurice Collins (Washington, D.C.) to HWC [place?] appointing her a member of the Federal Security Agency Claims Board.

 18. Aug 18, 1947.  TL.  2 p. on 1 L.  Attach.  Mary J. Berry (Jackson, Miss.) To HWC (Washington, D.C.) asking for assistance in establishing the Caraway family lineage.

 19. Mar 5, 1948.  TL copy.  1 p.  Henry C. Iler [Washington, D.C.] to Harry B. Mitchell (Washington, D.C.) requesting advice for HWC concerning her retirement fund.

 20. Mar 22, 1948.  Harry B. Mitchell (Washington, D.C.) to Henry C. Iler (Washington, D.C.) outlining the provisions of the Civil Service Retirement Act.

 21. Jan 13, 1950.  TLS.  1 p. Attach.  John Steelman (Washington, D.C.) to HWC (Washington, D.C.) wishing her a speedy recovery from ill health.

 22. Feb 1, 1950.  TLS.  1 p. on 1 fold. L.  Attach.  Harry S. Truman (Washington, D.C.) to HWC (Washington, D.C.) sending her birthday greetings.

 23. Dec 21, 1950.  Telegram.  1 p.  Harry S. Truman (Washington, D.C. to Forrest Caraway (Fort Leavenworth, Kan.) sending his sympathy upon the death of HWC.

 24. Dec 22, 1950.  TLS.  1 p.  Attach.  Lewis B[laine] Hershey (Washington, D.C.) to Forrest Caraway (Washington, D.C.) extending his sympathy on the death of HWC.

 25. Dec 22, 1950.  TLS.  1 p.  Attach.  James A[loysius] Farley (New York City) to Forrest Caraway (Ft. Leavenworth, Kan.) extending his sympathy on HWC's death.

 26. Dec 23, 1950.  TLS.  1 p.  Claude [Denson] Pepper (Washington, D.C.) to Forrest Caraway [sic] (Ft. Leavenworth, Kan.) sending his sympathy on the death of HWC.

 27. Dec 27, 1950.  TLS.  1 p.  Mary T[eresa] Norton (Washington, D.C.) to "The Family of Honorable Hattie W. Caraway" (Ft. Leavenworth, Kan.) sending her sympathy on the death of HWC.


Series 2.  Photographs (45 items, in folders 2-3)

Folder 2.

  1. Portrait of Hattie W[yatt] Caraway [ca. 1884-1890]; 2 1/4" x 3 ½" mounted in 2 3/8" x 3 7/8" folder.  MS on recto. + negative
  2. Portrait of HWC [ca. 1894-1895]; 3 7/8" x 5 3/8" mounted on 4 1/8" x 6 3/8" card.  PR on recto, MS on verso. + negative
  3. Margaret Rose Richardson, Malcolm Lunderman, and HWC seated on grounds of [Dickson College, Dickson, Tenn.]; MS on verso. + negative
  4. Jessie Lena Short, Nettie Knight, Margaret Rose Richardson, Eva Tomlinson, and HWC holding musical instruments on grounds of [Dickson College, Dickson, Tenn.] MS on verso. + negative.
  5. Portraits of Mosie Wyatt and HWC.  MS on verso. + negative
  6. Unidentified schoolhouse and students. [Thaddeus Horatius Caraway], one of the teachers, is third from right, front row.[ca. 1896-1900] 8 ½" x 6 ½" mounted on 10" x 8" card.
  7. Portrait of [Thaddeus Horatius Caraway] [ca. 1896-1905] 3 1/8" x 7 5/8' oval mounted on 6 3/8" x 13 5/8" card. + negative
  8. Portrait of [Thaddeus Horatius Caraway] [ca. 1896-1905] 6 3/8" x 13 5/8" card.  MS on verso.
  9. Portrait of [HWC] [ca. 1896-1905] 3 1/8" x 7 5/8" oval mounted on 6 3/8" x 13 5/8" card.  2" x 3" negative - 2476n.
 10. Caraway home on Main Street, Jonesboro, Ark. [ca. 1909-1915] 5 3/8" x 3 3/8".  MS on verso. + negative in slide mount.  Also 35mm negative.
 11. [Caraway home on Main Street, Jonesboro, Ark.] [ca. 1909-1915] 7" x 5" mounted on 10" x 8" card.
 12. Unidentified women seated around dining table. [HWC holding Forrest Caraway?] at left center.  MS on verso.
 13. Portrait of Frederick A[lbert] Cook. [ca. 1912-1915] 7 5/8" x 9 5/8".  MS on recto, PR on verso.
 14. Portrait of Claude A[ugustus] Swanson. [ca. 1915-1920] 9 5/8" x 13 ½".  MS on recto.
 15. Paul W[yatt] Caraway, Forrest Caraway, and HWC. [CA. 1914-1915] 3 3/8" x 5 5/8".    MS on verso. + negative
 16. HWC on sidewalk in [Washington, D.C.?] [ca. 1916] 3 3/8" x 5 ½".  MS on verso. + negative in slide mount
 17. HWC holding Robert Easley Caraway, ca. 1916.  3 3/8" x 5 5/8" MS on verso.
 18. Thaddeus Horatius Caraway holding Robert Easley Caraway, [ca. 1916].  MS on verso.
 19. Forrest Caraway, Paul Wyatt Caraway, and Robert Easley Caraway, [ca. 1917].  5 ½ x 3 1/4".  MS on verso.
 20. Paul W[yatt] Caraway, HWC holding Robert E[asley] Caraway, ca. 1917]. MS on verso.
 21. Portrait of [Thaddeus Horatius Caraway] [ca. 1920-1931].  6 7/8" x 10 3/4".
 22. Portrait of [Thaddeus Horatius Caraway] [ca. 1920-1931]. 10 ½ x 13". + negative in slide mount.
 23. [Thaddeus Horatius Caraway] (center) and [HWC] (right) standing in garden with unidentified persons. [ca. 1920 - 1931].  6 ½" x 4 1/8".
 24. [Thaddeus Horatius Caraway] (center) and [HWC] (right) standing in garden with unidentified persons. [ca. 1920 - 1931].  6 ½" x 4 1/8".
 25. [Thaddeus Horatius Caraway] (left) standing with unidentified man [ca. 1920-1931].
 26. [Calvert Mansion, Riverdale, Md.?], home of HWC. [ca. 1920-1931] 6 1/4" x 4 1/8".  MS on verso.
 27. Portrait of G[eorge] W[illiam] Norris [ca. 1920-1930] 7 3/4" x 10".  MS on recto.
 28. [Thaddeus Horatius Caraway] standing on bridge with unidentified men. [ca. 1928?]  5" x 4".  MS on verso.
 29. T[haddeus] H[oratius] Caraway standing on [bridge?] [ca. 1928?] 4" x 5".  MS on verso.
 30. Portrait of Arthur Capper [ca. 1928] 10 7/8" x 13 7/8" MS on recto.  Oversize.
 31. Portrait of Calvin Coolidge [Feb 1929] 10 1/4" x 13 5/8" MS on recto.
 32. Portrait of Grace [Mrs. Calvin] Coolidge, Feb 16, 1929.  10 1/4" x 13 5/8".  MS on recto.
 33. Portrait of Carter Glass, Mar 4, 1929.  10 7/8" x 13 7/8".  MS on recto. Oversize.
 34. Portrait of Thomas F[rancis] Bayard, Mar 24, 1929.  7 5/8" x 9 3/8".  MS on attached leaf.
 35. Portrait of Lawrence D[avis] Tyson, May 10, 1929.  7 3/4" x 9 7/8".  MS on recto.
 36. HWC being sworn in as Senator [Dec 8, 1931] 9 3/4" x 7 3/4".  MS on recto. + negative.
 37. HWC with sons [Robert Easley, Paul Wyatt, and Forrest] [ca. 1932-1936] 11 5/8" x 16 3/8" mounted in 12" x 17" folder.  Oversize. + negative.
 38. Forrest Caraway, Rita Baylis, HWC, and Mr. Krabel, 1936.  3 3/8" x 5 ½" MS on verso.
 39. Mr. Krabel, HWC, Forrest Caraway, Rita Baylis, and two unidentified persons, 1936.  3 3/8" x 5 ½".  MS on verso.
 40. Portrait of John N[ance] Garner, 1937. 9 5/8" x 13".  MS on recto.
 41. HWC and Rear Admiral Thomas Withers launching the U.S.S. Sawfish at Portsmouth, N.H., Jun 23, 1942. 7 7/8" x 9 7/8", MS on recto. + negative in slide mount, + oversize negative.
 42. [HWC] holding granddaughter [Betty Wyatt Caraway], Jun 1943.  3 3/4" x 2 3/4" + negative.
 43. [HWC] swinging granddaughter [Betty Wyatt Caraway], Jun 1943.  3 3/4" x 2 3/4".
 44. [HWC] with [Mr. And Mrs. Forrest Caraway] and granddaughter [Betty Wyatt Caraway] Jun 1943.  3 ½" x 2 ½".
 45. Three Negro children named Franklin D., Hattie W., and Huey P., n.d.  MS on verso. + negative.


Series 3.  Miscellaneous (9 items in folders 4-6)

Folders 4-6

 1. Doctor of Laws degree, awarded to HWC from Arkansas State College, May 14, 1934.  Vellum leaf enclosed in black kid suede folder.
 2. Certificate of election of Senator, certifying that HWC was elected to represent Arkansas for the term of six years, beginning Jan 3, 1939.  Signed by Gov. Carl E. Bailey on Dec 8, 1938.
 3. U.S. Civil Service Commission's Notice of Official Efficiency Rating for HWC.  Two Forms dated Mar 31, 1947 and Apr 4, 1949.
 4. Federal Security Agency payroll change slips.  Eleven forms for HWC's payroll periods from Jul 1, 1945 to Nov 12, 1949.
 5. Civil Service application for retirement by HWC, to be effective Feb 28, 1948.
 6. Federal Security Agency notification of personnel action, dated Feb 18, 1948, notifying HWC of her retirement, effective Feb 29, 1948.
 7. Memoirs of HWC's childhood.  10 p. MS.
 8. ** Journal of HWC, dated Dec 15, 1931-Mar 28, 1934.  99 p.  MS.  Silent Hattie Speaks:  The Personal Journal of Senator Hattie Caraway, edited by Diane D. Kincaid.  Westport, Conn.:  Greenwood Press, 1979.
 9. Senatorial re-election campaign circular, with broadsides and schedule attached.  1932.  5L. Proc. TS and PR.

** RESTRICTED.  SERVICE 8x only.


Series 4.  Scrapbooks (2 items)

1.  Scrapbook.  Feb 21, 1927 - Nov 12, 1931.  1 v. 26 x 37 x 11 cm.  PR, MS, MS/PR.
     Clippings (mounted or laid in), pertaining to Thaddeus Horatius Caraway's activities in the Senate, and his death. Oversize.

2.  Scrapbook.  Apr 25, 1927 - Apr 10, 1944.  1 v.  28 x 36 x 4 ½ cm.  PR, MS, MS/PR.
     Clippings (mounted or laid in) pertaining to Hattie Wyatt Caraway's activities while she was a Senator. Oversize.

See Microfilm No.
Microfilm
E
748
C23
C33



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