Diabetes exacerbates brain pathology following a focal blast brain injury: New role of a multimodal drug cerebrolysin and nanomedicine

by Muresanu, Dafin F.; Sharma, Aruna; Sahib, Seaab; Tian, Z. Ryan; Feng, Lianyuan; Castellani, Rudy J.; Nozari, Ala; Lafuente, Jose Vicente; Buzoianu, Anca D.; Sjoquist, Per-Ove; Patnaik, Ranjana; Wiklund, Lars; Sharma, Hari Shanker

Blast brain injury (bBI) is a combination of several forces of pressure, rotation, penetration of sharp objects and chemical exposure causing laceration, perforation and tissue losses in the brain. The bBI is quite prevalent in military personnel during combat operations. However, no suitable therapeutic strategies are available so far to minimize bBI pathology. Combat stress induces profound cardiovascular and endocrine dysfunction leading to psychosomatic disorders including diabetes mellitus (DM). This is still unclear whether brain pathology in bBI could exacerbate in DM. In present review influence of DM on pathophysiology of bBI is discussed based on our own investigations. In addition, treatment with cerebrolysin (a multimodal drug comprising neurotrophic factors and active peptide fragments) or H-290/51 (a chain-breaking antioxidant) using nanowired delivery of for superior neuroprotection on brain pathology in bBI in DM is explored. Our observations are the first to show that pathophysiology of bBI is exacerbated in DM and TiO2-nanowired delivery of cerebrolysin induces profound neuroprotection in bBI in DM, not reported earlier. The clinical significance of our findings with regard to military medicine is discussed.

Book
Progress in Brain Research
Year
2020
Start Page
285
ISBN/ISSN
1875-7855; 0079-6123
DOI
10.1016/bs.pbr.2020.09.004