Table of Contents
- Descriptive Summary
- Access Information
- Use Information
- Acquisition Information
- Processing Information
- Preferred Form of Citation
- Biographical Note
- Scope and Content Note
- Arrangement of the Papers
- Detailed Description of the Collection
- Smith, Kenneth L., 1934-
- Kenneth L. Smith Papers
- Inclusive Dates
- MC 1423
- 1 linear foot (2 containers)
- Materials are in English.
- Special Collections Department, University of Arkansas Libraries
Please call (479) 575-8444 or email email@example.com at least two weeks in advance of your arrival to ensure availability of the materials.
No Use Restrictions Apply.
No Interlibrary Loan.
Standard Federal Copyright Laws Apply (U.S. Title 17).
The Kenneth L. Smith Papers were donated to the University of Arkansas Libraries by Kenneth L. Smith on September 25, 1994.
Two additional photographs by Smith (Box 2, Folder 19) were found in the collections in November 2018.
Processed by Todd E. Lewis, Special Collections Division, University of Arkansas Libraries, Fayetteville, Arkansas, in August 2000.
Updated by Katrina Windon in November 2018 to incorporate additional photographs (Box 2, Folder 19).
Preferred Form of Citation
Kenneth L. Smith Papers (MC 1423), Special Collections, University of Arkansas Libraries, Fayetteville.
See Special Collections Citation Guide for more detailed information on how to cite specific documents from the collection.
Kenneth L. Smith, the son of Elton V. and Carol Gibbs Smith, grew up in Hot Springs. In 1952 he enrolled at the University of Arkansas, majoring in mechanical engineering. During his freshman year he joined a university hiking group; while participating in this group he developed a great love for the Buffalo River country of northwest Arkansas.
Graduating in 1956, he worked for a paper company in Crossett, Arkansas, as an engineer. In 1961 he left Arkansas to attend graduate school in California. But rather than completing his graduate degree he accepted a position with the National Park Service; he later received a master of science degree in Natural Resources Administration from the University of Michigan. During his twelve years in the service he worked as a civil engineer in western parks and as a park planner in Washington, D.C.. In 1974 he left the service and returned to Fayetteville, where he became a freelance writer, photographer, and researcher.
During his years outside of Arkansas he retained his ties with environmentalists in the state, including members of the Ozark Society. In 1967 the society published his first book, The Buffalo River Country. It also published his second book in 1977, Illinois River. Smith's third book, Sawmill: The Story of Cutting the Last Great Virgin Forest East of the Rockies, published in 1986 by the University of Arkansas Press, received the Virginia K. Ledbetter Prize in 1988 for the best nonfiction work on Arkansas.
The Ozark Society was founded in 1962 in response to the United States Army Corps of Engineers' plans to dam the Buffalo River in order to create the Gilbert Reservoir. In the mid-1960s the Ozark Society mounted a campaign against the building of the Water Valley Dam on the Eleven Point River in northeastern Arkansas. In the early 1970s plans to build the Gillham Dam on the Cossatot River in southwestern Arkansas prompted the Ozark Society to take action. Because of the actions of the Ozark Society, these rivers were saved, and in 1972 the Buffalo River became the first river to be given the status of National River in the United States' national park system.
Scope and Content Note
This collection contains materials concerning the preservation of the Buffalo, Cossatot, and Eleven Point rivers put forth by the Ozark Society, the Arkansas Conservation Council, the Arkansas Nature Conservancy, and the Federated Garden Clubs of Arkansas. Other materials concern the founding of the Ozark Society. Several item in the collection were created by Evangeline Archer, secretary of the Ozark Society in the 1960s. The materials also include various publications dating from the 1960s and early 1970s that discuss the Buffalo River. Finally, the collection includes several short narratives probably written by Ozark Society president Neil Compton detailing hiking and canoeing outings.
The materials in the collection include announcements, statements, correspondence, newspapers and clippings, magazine articles, booklets, flyers, and maps.
Arrangement of the Papers
Materials are arranged alphabetically by subject.
Detailed Description of the Collection
The following contains a detailed list of the materials in the collection
|Box 1||Folder 1||
Arkansas Conservation Council, 1961-1968
|Box 1||Folder 2||
Arkansas Nature Conservancy, 1960-1961, 1968
|Box 1||Folder 3||
Buffalo River, 1954, 1958-1969
|Box 1||Folder 4||
Buffalo River - Clippings, 1962-1969
|Box 1||Folder 5||
Buffalo River - Legislation, 1963-1971
|Box 1||Folder 6||
Buffalo River - Magazines and Other Publications, 1962-1971
|Box 1||Folder 7||
Buffalo River - Notes by Evangeline Archer
|Box 1||Folder 8||
Buffalo River - Notes on Letters in the National Park Service Files
|Box 2||Folder 19||
Buffalo River - Photographs, 1965, 1968
Two color photographic prints by Kenneth L. Smith. One is identified as "Preparing to embark on a float from the low water bridge at Ponca, 4/24/65," the other as "Breakfast in camp opposite Big Bluff, 3 miles NE of Ponca. An overturned canoe serves as a table for the Sam Walton family of Bentonville, Ark."
|Box 1||Folder 9||
Cossatot River I, 1970-1971
|Box 1||Folder 10||
Cossatot River II - Geologic, Hydrologic, Botanical, Zoological Elements
|Box 1||Folder 11||
Cossatot River III - Archeological, Socio-Economic, Miscellaneous Elements
|Box 2||Folder 1||
Eleven Point River, 1961-1965
|Box 2||Folder 2||
Eleven Point River-Clippings, 1961-1967
|Box 2||Folder 3||
Eleven Point River-Correspondence, 1962-1968
|Box 2||Folder 4||
Eleven Point River Association
|Box 2||Folder 5||
Governor's Committee on Stream Preservation, 1966
|Box 2||Folder 6||
National Parks Association - Reservoir Drawdowns
|Box 2||Folder 7||
|Box 2||Folder 8||
Ozark Society, 1962-1963
|Box 2||Folder 9||
Ozark Society, 1964-1965
|Box 2||Folder 10||
Ozark Society, 1966-1971
|Box 2||Folder 11||
Ozark Society, 1972-1975
|Box 2||Folder 12||
Ozark Society - Clippings, 1964, 1966
|Box 2||Folder 13||
Ozark Society - Correspondence, 1962-1970
|Box 2||Folder 14||
Ozark Society - Membership List, 1973
|Box 2||Folder 15||
"Ozark Society", Compiled by Evangeline Archer, 1962-1972
|Box 2||Folder 16||
Ozark Society, 1962-1987
|Box 2||Folder 17||
Reservoirs - Proposals, Arkansas
|Box 2||Folder 18||
Stream Preservation Seminar - Russellville, December, 1968
END OF COLLECTION