Table of Contents
- Descriptive Summary
- Access Information
- Use Information
- Acquisition Information
- Processing Information
- Preferred Form of Citation
- Biographical Note
- Scope and Content Note
- Arrangement of the Papers
- Detailed Description of the Collection
- Tebbetts, Jonas M., 1820-1913
- Jonas M. Tebbetts Collection
- Inclusive Dates
- Bulk Dates
- MC 1553
- 1 linear foot (2 boxes containing 30 volumes)
- Materials are in English.
- Special Collections Department, University of Arkansas Libraries
Please call (479) 575-8444 or email firstname.lastname@example.org at least two weeks in advance of your arrival to ensure availability of the materials.
Restrictions Apply: Due to the fragility of the items patrons are encouraged to use extra caution when handling items.
No Interlibrary Loan.
Standard Federal Copyright Laws Apply (U.S. Title 17)
The Jonas M. Tebbetts Collection was donated to the Special Collections Department, University of Arkansas Libraries on June 21, 2004, by Charles M. Kester of Fayetteville, Arkansas.
Processed by Todd E. Lewis; completed in August 2011.
Preferred Form of Citation
Jonas M. Tebbetts Collections (MC 1533), Special Collections Department, University of Arkansas Libraries, Fayetteville.
See Special Collections Citation Guide for more detailed information on how to cite specific documents from the collection.
Jonas March Tebbetts was born on January 5, 1820, in Rochester, New Hampshire, to what his daughter Marian characterized as "a New England low tariff family." He was educated at Philips Exeter Academy in Exeter, New Hampshire. Afterwards he lived an adventurous life that included work as a traveling salesman for Doddridge's Family Expositor, touring New England, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Kentucky; an appointment at age seventeen as an instructor of English literature, ancient history, and Greek and Latin languages at Western University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and working on a steamboat which sailed a circuit on the Mississippi and Arkansas rivers. By 1840 he had settled in Van Buren, Van Buren County, Arkansas, where he established a law practice that specialized in attending to the needs of Cherokee, Choctaw, and Creek Indians living in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) to the west.
In Van Buren he was elected to the position of judge. Affiliating with the Democratic Party, in 1844 he was elected to the position of prosecuting attorney of the Seventh Circuit Court of Arkansas, which resulted in him traveling outside of Van Buren County. While in Washington County he met Matilda Winlock, a Kentuckian and student at Fayetteville Female Seminary. They were married in 1847, and their union produced several sons and daughters. Following the wedding the couple took up residence in Fayetteville. Their famous house was built ca. 1853-1854, later receiving the name "Headquarters House" because of its use as headquarters by Union forces occupying Fayetteville in 1863. More recently (1967) the house was tended over by the Washington County Historical Societyand made into the Headquarters House Museum.
In 1850-1851 Tebbetts served as a representative from Washington County to the Arkansas state General Assembly in Little Rock, and afterwards the legislature appointed him attorney for the branch of the State Bank in Fayetteville. A Unionist who found slavery abhorrent, in March 1862 he was arrested by Confederate General Ben McCulloch following a brief occupation of Fayetteville by Union troops. Sent to Fort Smith to await hanging, charges against Tebbetts were dropped following McCulloch's death during the Battle of Pea Ridge, resulting in his freedom. Continued harassment by Confederate soldiers and an alleged plot against his life led Tebbetts to flee Fayetteville, and he spent the remainder of the war in Union territory in Missouri. After the war he and his family located to Harrodsburg, Kentucky, where he again practiced law. Following his wife's death in 1892, he eventually moved to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to live with his daughter Lillian and her husband John H. Galey, a petroleum wildcatter who had claims in Pennsylvania, Kansas, and Texas. Tebbetts died at the Galeys' house on January 16, 1913, at the age of 94. He was buried in Harrodsburg, Kentucky.
Scope and Content Note
The collection contains three types of materials: a folder of family and secondary writings concerning Jonas Tebbetts, his family, and the Tebbetts Collection; thirty volumes of diaries, memo books, expense and account books, and other miscellaneous notebooks, written by Jonas M. Tebbetts. The volumes span the period 1847-1905.
Arrangement of the Papers
Materials are arranged with the folder of family and secondary writings first, and the thirty volumes second, divided over two boxes. The volumes are broken down into three groups: the diaries and memo books under the title "Jonas Tebbetts Diaries;" the account and expense books labeled "Jonas Tebbetts Account Books;" and a third group with individual titles. The diaries and account books are arranged chronologically, while the third group of notebooks are arranged alphabetically. Finding aid titles do not necessarily correspond to handwritten titles on the volumes, but rather accurately reflect the contents of each volume.
Detailed Description of the Collection
The following contains a detailed list of the materials in the collection.
|Box 1||Folder 1||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Family Materials, 1953-2011
|Box 1||Folder 2||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Diary, 1836-1837, December 1849-August 1852 (2)
|Box 1||Folder 3||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Diary, April 1850-1852
|Box 1||Folder 4||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Diary, 1851-1855
|Box 1||Folder 5||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Diary, 1857-1859
|Box 1||Folder 6||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Diary, 1860-1862
|Box 1||Folder 7||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Diary, 1864
|Box 1||Folder 8||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Diary, June 27, 1865-August 14, 1865
|Box 1||Folder 9||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Diary, July 1867-June 1868
|Box 1||Folder 10||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Diary, June 1868-May 1875
|Box 1||Folder 11||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Diary, 1871
|Box 1||Folder 12||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Diary, April 1874-January 1875
|Box 1||Folder 13||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Harrodsburg, Kentucky, Diary, 1875-1905
|Box 2||Folder 1||
Attorney for Arkansas State Bank Account Book, 1847-1850
|Box 2||Folder 2||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Account Book, October 1848-January 1850
|Box 2||Folder 3||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Account Book, November 1848
|Box 2||Folder 4||
California Trip Account Book, 1850
|Box 2||Folder 5||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Account Book, January-August 1851, July 1857, December 1887
|Box 2||Folder 6||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Account Book, 1852-1853
|Box 2||Folder 7||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Account Book, December 1857-June 1858
|Box 2||Folder 8||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Account Book, 1860-1861, 1866
|Box 2||Folder 9||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Account Book, 1862-1863
|Box 2||Folder 10||
Allen Claflin and Jonas M. Tebbetts Account Book, January-April 1863
|Box 2||Folder 11||
Marian W. Tebbetts Account Book, 1863-1865
|Box 2||Folder 12||
Jonas M. Tebbetts's Account with Exchange National Bank (Columbia, Missouri) Book, June-November 1868
|Box 2||Folder 13||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Washington, D.C., Account Book, September 1869-1871
|Box 2||Folder 14||
Jonas M. Tebbetts Account Book, April 1871-September 1873
|Box 2||Folder 15||
Bank Information Book, 1849
|Box 2||Folder 16||
Circuit Court Prosecuting Attorney Book, 1847
|Box 2||Folder 17||
"List of Pardons obtained by me for rebels" Book, 1866
|Box 2||Folder 18||
Lists of Names by County Book, 1853
END OF COLLECTION