Table of Contents
- Descriptive Summary
- Access Information
- Use Information
- Acquisition Information
- Processing Information
- Preferred Form of Citation
- Historical Note
- Scope and Content Note
- Arrangement of the Papers
- Detailed Description of the Collection
- University of Arkansas (System). Board of Trustees.
- University of Arkansas Board of Trustees, Branch Normal College Records
- Inclusive Dates
- MC 1921.UA
- .25 linear ft. (1 box)
- Materials are in English.
- Special Collections Department, University of Arkansas Libraries
Please call (479) 575-8444 or email email@example.com at least two weeks in advance of your arrival to ensure availability of the materials.
No Use Restrictions Apply.
No Interlibrary Loan.
Standard Federal Copyright Laws Apply (U.S. Title 17).
The Branch Normal College Records were transferred to the Special Collections Department, University of Arkansas Libraries from Vol Walker Library in 1968.
Processed by Amy Allen; completed in August 2011
Preferred Form of Citation
University of Arkansas Board of Trustees, Branch Normal College Records (MC 1921.UA), Special Collections Department, University of Arkansas Libraries, Fayetteville
See Special Collections Citation Guide for more detailed information on how to cite specific documents from the collection
This collection has been cited in previously published articles under a different title:
- Rothrock, Thomas. "Joseph Carter Corbin and Negro Education in the University of Arkansas." Arkansas Historical Quarterly 30 (Winter 1971): 277-314. [Collection cited as "Records Pertaining to the Branch Normal College, 1876-1895"].
- Wheeler, Elizabeth L. "Isaac Fisher: The Frustrations of a Negro Educator at Branch Normal College, 1902-1911." Arkansas Historical Quarterly 41 (Spring 1982): 3-50. [Collection cited as "Records Pertaining to the Branch Normal College, 1879-1895."].
When the University of Arkansas (then known as Arkansas Industrial University) began in 1871, it was open to anyone of any race or sex. However, the political climate of the state soon changed, and formal school segregation followed. In 1873, a bill was introduced in the state senate to establish the Branch Normal College, mainly for the education of teachers, for the “convenience and well-being of the poorer classes” to be located south or east of Pulaski County. Though the wording of the legislation was ambiguous, the school was established for the African American population of the state. The school was under the direction of the Board of Trustees of the Arkansas Industrial University. In 1875, Joseph Carter Corbin was employed to set up the new Branch Normal College in Pine Bluff in Jefferson County. Corbin would hold the position of principal for 27 years. His job not only required teaching and administration, but also occasional tasks such as clearing land and building porches. The school opened in a rented building on September 27, 1875 with seven students. In 1880, the Trustees bought a permanent site in Pine Bluff, and the following year, the main building was constructed. A girls’ dormitory was opened in 1887. A building for agricultural and mechanical classes was built in 1891. The college continued to grow, and by the end of the century, there were eight professors and over 200 students.
The Branch Normal College split from the University of Arkansas in 1927. It was renamed the Arkansas Agricultural, Mechanical and Normal College (AM&N) and formed its own Board of Trustees. AM&N was the historically black college in Arkansas. Then in 1972, the U of A and AM&N was recombined in a “system” by the state legislature. AM&N took its current name, the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, after the merger.
Scope and Content Note
The collection contains correspondence, reports, official records, and transcript excerpts of Board of Trustees meeting minutes, concerning Branch Normal College at Pine Bluff.
Arrangement of the Papers
The collection is arranged as follows: correspondence, meeting minutes, reports and general records.
Detailed Description of the Collection
The following contains a detailed list of the materials in the collection
|Box 1||Folder 1||
Correspondence Between Board of Trustees and Branch Normal College, 1884-1895
|Box 1||Folder 2||
Mechanical Department Construction at Pine Bluff Correspondence and Resolution Draft, 1892
|Box 1||Folder 3||
Excerts from University of Arkansas Board of Trustees Minutes concerning Pine Bluff Branch Normal College, 1873-1927
|Box 1||Folder 4||
Annual Reports from J.C. Corbin, Principal of the Branch Normal College, 1876-1895; n.d.
|Box 1||Folder 5||
Report to the Arkansas Assembly of the Committee to Visit the Branch Normal School at Pine Bluff, c.a. 1893
|Box 1||Folder 6||
Report of the Treasurer of the Branch Normal College, August 2, 1892
|Box 1||Folder 7||
Financial Report Materials, 1878-1893
|Box 1||Folder 8||
General Reports, 1876-1895; n.d.
|Box 1||Folder 9||
Building Plan Materials, n.d.
|Box 1||Folder 10||
Student Enrollment Records, 1875-1876
|Box 1||Folder 11||
Surety Bond Received from the Principal of the Branch Normal College and His Surety, August 22, 1895
END OF COLLECTION