Southland College Papers

MC 577

Special Collections
University of Arkansas Libraries

365 N. McIlroy Avenue
Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701-4002
Phone: 479-575-8444
Email: specoll@uark.edu

Machine-readable finding aid encoded in EAD by Rebekah Mason and Adam Heien, 2019.

Finding aid is written in English.

Table of Contents

Descriptive Summary

Creator
Southland College (Helena, Ark.)
Title
Southland College Papers
Inclusive Dates
ca 1872-1925
Identification
MC 577
Extent
15 Linear Feet (29 Boxes)
Language
Materials are in English.
Repository
Special Collections Department, University of Arkansas Libraries

Access Information

Please call (479) 575-8444 or email specoll@uark.edu at least two weeks in advance of your arrival to ensure availability of the materials.

Use Information

To protect the privacy of certain individuals, some items have been replaced by positive photocopies with names obliterated. The original material is restricted until the deaths of the principal parties.

No Interlibrary Loan.

Standard Federal Copyright Laws Apply (U.S. Title 17).

Acquisition Information

The records of Southland College were donated to the Special Collections Department by the Friends United Meeting of Richmond, Indiana, September, 1985. Dr. Thomas C. Kennedy, professor of history at the University of Arkansas, and Kara Cole, administrative secretary for Friends United Meeting, were instrumental in the transfer.

Processing Information

Processed by Fon Gordon; completed in May 1987.

Preferred Form of Citation

Southland College Papers (MC 577), Special Collections, University of Arkansas Libraries, Fayetteville.

See Special Collections Citation Guide for more detailed information on how to cite specific documents from the collection.

Biographical Note

Southland College was one of the oldest private institutions in the South established for the education of blacks. Located at Helena (Phillips County), Arkansas, Southland was originally founded as an asylum for lost and abandoned children by the Friends' Freedmen Committee of the Indiana Yearly Meeting of Friends (Quakers) and their local agent, Elkanah Beard, at the request of the Union commandant at Helena, General Napolean B. Buford. With the appointment by the Friends' Freedmen Committee and the arrival of Calvin and Alida Clark of Wayne County, Indiana, Southland orphanage and school was established April 19, 1864.

Supported by the Friends' Freedmen Committee and the Freedmen's Bureau, the school remained at Helena almost two years until Colonel Charles Bentzoni, Buford's successor, was ordered to return the buildings which housed the orphanage to the original owners. Rather than evict the school, Bentzoni and his command, the 56th United States Colored Infantry Regiment, volunteered to save the orphanage by donating money with which to buy thirty acres, located nine miles northwest of Helena, and the labor to erect buildings. The new site and temporary buildings, deeded to the Indiana Yearly Meeting, were dedicated in March 1866. To the original thirty acres, the Indiana Yearly Meeting added fifty more during the same year; and by 1925, the Southland campus comprised 167 acres.

With the demise of the Freedmen's Bureau in 1869, the sole maintenance of the school devolved on the Missionary Board of the Indiana Yearly Meeting which had succeeded the Friend's Freedmen Committee. Calvin and Alida Clark remained at Southland as the superintendent and matron. During the Clarks' tenure, a normal course was added to the curriculum in 1869 and the primary goal of the school was to train black teachers for the uplift of the race. By 1874 sixty teachers had been trained. As a consequence, the Missionary Board of the Indiana Yearly Meeting renamed the school Southland College and diplomas were granted to the first graduating class of 1876. In 1880 the first black teachers, Southland graduates, were added to the faculty thereby constituting one of the few integrated faculties in the South. By the end of the Clarks' tenure in 1886, five permanent buildings had been constructed and enrollment approached 300 students.

The Clarks were also concerned with the Southland community's spiritual development. In December 1876 the Indiana Yearly Meeting officially recognized the Southland Monthly Meeting, with seventy-eight friends, with the authority to establish Preparative Meetings. In 1880 the Executive Board of the Indiana Yearly Meeting also made Daniel Drew, member of the Southland Monthly Meeting, a duly accorded minister. Chandler Paschal, a member of the first graduating class, was designated minister in March 1898. Although Southland provided much needed educational opportunities and Christian ethics, the financial condition of the school was always tenuous. School revenues were entirely dependent on inadequate tuition payments of one dollar per month for day students and three dollars per week for boarding students; appropriations from the Indiana Yearly Meeting; and donations. George Sturge, an English Friend, contributed $25,000 in 1881 which eventually provided an endowment of $40,000. The Sturge Fund, renamed the Geoffrey Sawyer Fund in 1976, is still administered by the Indiana Yearly Meeting for the education of black students. Despite the Sturge Fund, financial support remained meager.

The Clarks were succeeded by five superintendent and matron couples including Elkanah and Irena Beard for two brief periods, 1886-1888 and 1889-1891. The instability generated by the frequent changes in administration was exacerbated by other problems: the school building and chapel were destroyed by fire in 1900; the financial condition was worsened by the cancellation of insurance on the remaining buildings; and a drought ruined most of the farm crops.

In this situation, H. C. and Anna B. Wolford, as president and matron, began their long tenure from 1903 to 1922. During the Wolford administration, Southland was revived. Enrollment, which had fallen to 100 in 1902, numbered over 350 in 1916 and the number of boarders reached 200 in the same year. In 1917 the name of the school was changed to Southland Institute to more accurately reflect the elementary and secondary work being offered. But the Wolfords were unable to change the insolvency of the school. In protest, they left for one year, 1917-1918, but agreed to return provided additional funds were forthcoming for the maintenance of the school and improvement of the physical plant. To increase Southland's appropriations, responsibility for the school was officially transferred, in August 1920, from the Indiana yearly meeting to the Board of Home Missions of the Five Years Meeting of Friends which could solicit support from all thirteen yearly meetings.

Under the aegis of the Board of Home Missions, a survey team, dispatched in January 1921, which included agents of the Rockefeller General Education Board and the Phelps-Stokes Fund, inspected Southland and made several recommendations to improve the academic standards and the physical plant. In seeking to improve the school academically the Board of Home Missions appointed F. Raymond Jenkins, a recent graduate of Earlham College, as principal for the 1922-23 school year. Jenkins, who had also studied at Hampton Institute, immediately clashed with the older Wolford and his methods. Jenkins's complaints to the Board of Home Missions concerning Wolford resulted in two visits to Southland by members of the Board and Wolford's departure on October 8, 1922.

Jenkins, with his wife Cecelia, as acting director and matron, modernized the organization of the school, instituted a longer school term and improved the library. But the school continued to be financially insolvent, and the Board's primary goal was trying to keep the school open.

In April, 1924, the Rockefeller General Education Board appropriated $20,000 for Southland if matched by October 1, 1924. Unfortunately, the Rockefeller grant was applicable only if Southland retired its current indebtedness. To this end, Jenkins remained in Indiana during the 1924-1925 school year conducting fund- raising activities. Despite these efforts, the Board of Home Missions decided in March 1925 to close the school at the end of the spring term.

Additional information on the history of Southland College can be found in the following articles, all of which are maintained in the Special Collections Department:

Kennedy, Thomas C. "The Last Days at Southland." The Southern Friend 8 (Spring 1986): 1-19.

Kennedy, Thomas C. "The Society of Friends and Black Education in Arkansas." Arkansas Historical Quarterly 42 (Autumn 1983): 207-238.

Kirkman, Dale P. "Southland College." Phillips County Historical Quarterly 3 (September 1964): 30-33.

Scope and Content Note

The collection includes correspondence, predominantly during the last years from 1922 to 1925; student records from 1876 to 1925; financial records from 1882 to 1925; minutes of the Missionary Board of the Indiana Yearly Meeting from 1872 to 1918; minutes and records of the Southland Monthly Meeting from 1873 to 1922; and photographs, circa 1900 to 1925. Although these materials provide keen insight into the history of Southland College, many large gaps exist in the written record. Unfortunately, attempts to locate missing files have proven unsuccessful.

Principal correspondents in the collection include:

M. W. Adams

Joseph A. Booker

Ora Carroll

J. M. Cox

Jackson Davis

Joseph Dickinson

J. H. Dillard

D. M. Edwards

I. T. Gillam

Fayette A. McKenzie

Robert Moton

Mrs. H. M. Nasmyth

J. P. O'Brien

L. J. Rowan

Ruthanna Simms

Anna M. Paschal Strong

Lucy Hale Tapley

Arrangement of the Papers

Material is arranged in 31 containers

  1. F. Raymond Jenkins Files. Boxes 1-5
    1. Correspondence Files, 1922-1923
    2. Correspondence with Former Students, Teachers, Staff, and Requests for Information and Catalogs
    3. Requests for Educational Exhibits, Orders for Text books, and Estimates for New Equipment
    4. Correspondence with Parents and Students
    5. Correspondence with the Board of Home Missions and the Central Offices of the Five Years Meeting in Richmond
  2. L. Willard Reynolds Files. Boxes 6-7
  3. Employment Applications. Box 8
    1. September 1922 - August 1923
    2. September 1923 - August 1924
    3. September 1924 - January 1925
  4. Contributions. Box 9
    1. September 1922 - August 1923
    2. September 1923 - August 1924
    3. September 1924 - January 1925
  5. Southland Internal Documents. Box 10
  6. Missionary Board of the Indiana Yearly Meeting. Box 11
  7. Southland Monthly Meeting of Friends. Box 12
  8. Student Record Books. Boxes 13-16
  9. Financial Records. Boxes 17-22
    1. Early Financial Records, 1882-1914
    2. Monthly Financial Reports
    3. Contributions
    4. Inventories and Other Financial Records, 1922-1925
    5. Paid Invoices, September 1923 - August 1924
    6. Paid Invoices, September 1924 - June 1925
  10. Photographs. Boxes 23-28
    1. Faculty, Staff, Students, Parents, Alumni
    2. Classes/Activities
    3. Interiors of Southland Buildings
    4. Southland Buildings
    5. Southland Farm
    6. Views of Southland Campus
    7. Proposed New Site for Southland College
    8. Southland, Arkansas
    9. Lexa, Arkansas
    10. Helena, Arkansas
    11. Lula, Mississippi; West Helena; other Arkansas scenes
    12. Scrapbook
    13. Cloth Display Banner (2' x 6')
    14. Glass Lantern Slides
    15. Duplicates
    16. Negatives

Detailed Description of the Collection

The following contains a detailed list of the materials in the collection

series 1: F. Raymond Jenkins Files ,

1922-1924

Boxes 1-5

This series consists of five subseries and coincides with the time period when F. Raymond Jenkins served as principal and acting director, succeeding H. C. Wolford. Subseries 1 consists largely of general correspondence with students, teachers and parents, and business matters for the period October 1, 1922 - August 31, 1923. Subseries 2 through 5 consist of much the same subject material as Subseries 1. However, the time period is for September 1, 1923 - September 1, 1924, and the types of correspondence were more narrowly defined. Subseries 5, for example, pertains to correspondence with the Board of Home Missions and the Central Offices of the Five Years Meeting in Richmond (see Series 6 for records concerning the Missionary Board of the Indiana Yearly Meeting for 1872-1918).

subseries 1: Correspondence Files ,

1922-1923

Boxes 1-2

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 1

Adams - American F., 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 2

American V. - Avent, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 3

Bagby - Bellamy, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 4

Bennett - Bowman, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 5

Brandon - Brooks, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 6

Brown - Busby, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 7

Calhoun - Cartwright, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 8

Cash - Cobb, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 9

Colby - Currie, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 10

Darnell - Davis, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 11

Decorative - Doyne, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 12

E, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 13

Fair - Fisher, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 14

Five Years Meeting of Friends Board of Home Missions, October 1922-June 1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 15

Five Years Meeting of Friends Board of Home Missions, July-August 1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 16

Third Annual Report of the Board of Home Missions of the Five Years Meeting of Friends, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 17

Flowers - Friends, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 18

G, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 19

Hamans - Hanks, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 20

Harlan - Hirsch, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 21

Holley - Houghton, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 22

Howard - Hunter, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 23

I, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 24

Jamerson - Johnson, E., 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 25

Johnson, G. - Jones, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 1 Folder 26

K, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 1

Lamborn - Lindley, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 2

Lippincott - Lyons, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 3

McElvaine - Martin, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 4

Maxey - Miller, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 5

Missouri - Mott, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 6

N, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 7

O, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 8

Parlette - Pittsburgh, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 9

Pope - Pugh, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 10

Q, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 11

Ramsey - Rice, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 12

Ridgell - Rowles, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 13

Sage - Smith, D., 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 14

Smith - Southern, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 15

Southland--Inquiries, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 16

Southland Press Releases, 1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 17

Southland--Miscellaneous, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 18

Stanchel - Sylva, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 19

Tate - Tile, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 20

Tillman - Tuskegee, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 21

U - V, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 22

Walker - Washington, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 23

Webb - Whitford, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 24

Wilks - Wright, 1922-1923

series I: 1 Box 2 Folder 25

X - Y - Z, 1922-1923

subseries 2: Correspondence with Former Students, Teachers, Staff, and Requests for Information and Catalogs,

undated

Box 3 (22 Folders)

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 1

A, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 2

Barrett - Binford, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 3

Bone - Butler, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 4

C, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 5

D - E, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 6

F - G, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 7

Hamlin - Henley, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 8

Hoffman - Hutchins, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 9

Jackson - Jenkins, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 10

Johnson - Jones, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 11

K - L, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 12

Mackey - Martin, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 13

Mays - Myers, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 14

N - O, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 15

Parker - Pennington, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 16

Penny - Puckett, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 17

Q, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 18

R, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 19

S, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 20

T - U - V, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 21

Wagoner - Webb, undated

series I: 2 Box 3 Folder 22

Wendell - Z, undated

subseries 3: Requests for Educational Exhibits, Order for Text books, and Estimates for New Equipment,

undated

Box 3 (8 Folders)-Box 4 (20 Folders)

series I: 3 Box 3 Folder 23

Allen - American, C., undated

series I: 3 Box 3 Folder 24

American, L. - Aten, undated

series I: 3 Box 3 Folder 25

Baker - Bartel, undated

series I: 3 Box 3 Folder 26

Beech - Burke, undated

series I: 3 Box 3 Folder 27

Caldwell - Chandler, undated

series I: 3 Box 3 Folder 28

Chattanooga - Cromwell, undated

series I: 3 Box 3 Folder 29

D, undated

series I: 3 Box 3 Folder 30

E, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 1

Fairbanks - Fitzpatrick, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 2

Floyd - Funk, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 3

G, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 4

Harris - Hessig, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 5

Hill - Houston, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 6

I - J, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 7

K, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 8

L, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 9

McDonald - Martin, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 10

Memphis - Methodist, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 11

Metropolitan - Mutual, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 12

N - O, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 13

Pacific - Phoenix, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 14

Pierce - Pruitt, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 15

R, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 16

Saunders - Southern, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 17

Standard - Sutton, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 18

T - U - V, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 19

Walker - Webb, undated

series I: 3 Box 4 Folder 20

Welch - X - Y - Z, undated

subseries 4: Correspondence with Parents and Students ,

undated

Box 4 (8 Folders)-Box 5 (10 Folders)

series I: 4 Box 4 Folder 21

A, undated

series I: 4 Box 4 Folder 22

Barnnett - Bogan, undated

series I: 4 Box 4 Folder 23

Bonner - Butler, undated

series I: 4 Box 4 Folder 24

Camp - Christmas, undated

series I: 4 Box 4 Folder 25

Crawford, undated

series I: 4 Box 4 Folder 26

Culp - Curtis, undated

series I: 4 Box 4 Folder 27

D - E, undated

series I: 4 Box 4 Folder 28

F - G, undated

series I: 4 Box 5 Folder 1

H - I, undated

series I: 4 Box 5 Folder 2

J, undated

series I: 4 Box 5 Folder 3

K - L, undated

series I: 4 Box 5 Folder 4

McCullom - Mayer, undated

series I: 4 Box 5 Folder 5

Mitchell - Moss, undated

series I: 4 Box 5 Folder 6

N - Q, undated

series I: 4 Box 5 Folder 7

R - Stepter, undated

series I: 4 Box 5 Folder 8

Stevenson - Sylva, undated

series I: 4 Box 5 Folder 9

T - U - V, undated

series I: 4 Box 5 Folder 10

W - X - Y - Z, undated

subseries 5: Correspondence with the Board of Home Missions and the Central Offices of the Five Years Meeting in Richmond,

1923-1924

Box 5 (17 Folders)

series I: 5 Box 5 Folder 11

A - Carpenter, undated

series I: 5 Box 5 Folder 12

Five Years Meeting of Friends Board of Home Missions, September 1923

series I: 5 Box 5 Folder 13

Five Years Meeting of Friends Board of Home Missions, October 1923

series I: 5 Box 5 Folder 14

Five Years Meeting of Friends Board of Home Missions, November, December 1923

series I: 5 Box 5 Folder 15

Five Years Meeting of Friends Board of Home Missions, January 1924

series I: 5 Box 5 Folder 16

Five Years Meeting of Friends Board of Home Missions, February 1924

series I: 5 Box 5 Folder 17

Five Years Meeting of Friends Board of Home Missions, March 1924

series I: 5 Box 5 Folder 18

Five Years Meeting of Friends Board of Home Missions, April 1924

series I: 5 Box 5 Folder 19

Five Years Meeting of Friends Board of Home Missions, May 1924

series I: 5 Box 5 Folder 20

Five Years Meeting of Friends Board of Home Missions, June 1924

series I: 5 Box 5 Folder 21

Five Years Meeting of Friends Board of Home Missions, July - August 1924

series I: 5 Box 5 Folder 22

Gluys - Pickett, undated

series I: 5 Box 5 Folder 23

Southland Press Releases, 1923 - 1924

series I: 5 Box 5 Folder 24

Southland Press Releases, 1923 - 1924

series I: 5 Box 5 Folder 25

Southland Press Releases, 1923 - 1924

series I: 5 Box 5 Folder 26

Southland--miscellaneous, undated

series I: 5 Box 5 Folder 27

Williams - Z, undated

series 2: L. Willard Reynolds Files ,

1924-1925

Boxes 6-7

This series contains the general correspondence of Southland during the tenure of L. Willard Reynolds as acting principal during the absence of Raymond Jenkins. It covers the period September 1, 1924 - August 31, 1925. Jenkins spent most of the school year in Richmond, Indiana, and travelling north conducting fund-raising activities for the continued operation of Southland. The majority of the correspondence is with students and parents, but also includes business correspondence concerned with supplies and equipment. There is also considerable correspondence between Jenkins and Reynolds. The decision by the Board of Home Missions to close Southland at the end of the spring term, 1925 is included in the Jenkins-Reynolds correspondence.

series II Box 6 Folder 1

A, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 2

Ball - Billingsley, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 3

Brown - Burrus, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 4

Calhoun - Citizens, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 5

Clearance - Culp, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 6

D, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 7

E, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 8

Fairbairn - Fitzpatrick, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 9

Five Years Meeting of Friends Board of Home Missions, September 1924 - May 1925

series II Box 6 Folder 10

Folger - Fulghum, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 11

Gibson - Goodwyn, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 12

Grant - Guernsey, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 13

Hall - Harvey, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 14

Helena - Hurd, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 15

I, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 16

Jackson - Jenkins, A. L., 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 17

Jenkins - Reynolds Correspondence, October - December 1924

series II Box 6 Folder 18

Jenkins - Reynolds Correspondence, January - May 1925

series II Box 6 Folder 19

Johnson - Junkunc, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 20

K, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 21

L, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 22

McCamery - Meador, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 23

Memphis - Mott, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 24

N - O, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 25

Parlette - Pettis, 1924-1925

series II Box 6 Folder 26

Phenix - Q, 1924-1925

series II Box 7 Folder 1

Reece - Rockingham, 1924-1925

series II Box 7 Folder 2

Schirmer - Service, 1924-1925

series II Box 7 Folder 3

Shattuck - Southern, 1924-1925

series II Box 7 Folder 4

Southland--enrolling procedure, student merit list, staff vaccinations, miscellaneous, 1924-1925

series II Box 7 Folder 5

Stalker - Stubblefield, 1924-1925

series II Box 7 Folder 6

Talladega - Turnipseed, 1924-1925

series II Box 7 Folder 7

Walker - Willis, 1924-1925

series II Box 7 Folder 8

Wilson - Z, 1924-1925

series 3: Employment Applications,

1922-1925

Box 8

This series is divided into three subseries corresponding to the periods: September 1922 - August 1923; September 1923 -August 1924; and September 1924 - January 1925. The series contains correspondence with applicants for faculty and staff positions and letters of recommendation. Applications received during the period September, 1923 through August, 1924 are identified by race with either "white" or "colored" written across the top of the letter.

subseries 1: Employment Applications,

September 1922-August 1923

Box 8 (8 Folders)

series III: 1 Box 8 Folder 1

A, 1922-1923

series III: 1 Box 8 Folder 2

B - D, 1922-1923

series III: 1 Box 8 Folder 3

E - H, 1922-1923

series III: 1 Box 8 Folder 4

I - N, 1922-1923

series III: 1 Box 8 Folder 5

O - Q, 1922-1923

series III: 1 Box 8 Folder 6

R - S, 1922-1923

series III: 1 Box 8 Folder 7

T - V, 1922-1923

series III: 1 Box 8 Folder 8

W - Z, 1922-1923

subseries 2: Employment Applications,

September 1923-August 1924

Box 8 (19 Folders)

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 9

A, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 10

Bailor - Blair, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 11

Blodgett - Burke, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 12

Caesar - Chapman, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 13

Clark - Cox, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 14

D - G, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 15

Hackney - Harrison, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 16

Hawkins - Holley, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 17

I - L, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 18

McClain - Martin, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 19

Maxwell - Moton, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 20

N - O, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 21

P - Q, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 22

R, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 23

S, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 24

Tapley - Thomas, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 25

Toomer - Turner, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 26

U - V, 1923-1924

series III: 2 Box 8 Folder 27

W - Z, 1923-1924

subseries 3: Employment Applications,

September 1924-January 1925

Box 8 (1 Folder)

series III: 3 Box 8 Folder 28

Applications, 1924-1925

series 4: Contributions ,

1922-1925

Box 9

This series is divided into three subseries corresponding to the periods: September 1922 - August 1923; September 1923 - August 1924; and September 1924 - April 1925. The series contains correspondence with benefactors to Southland including the Slater Fund. In addition, a donations list and/or book was compiled during each period and is included at the end of each period. There is also a list of scholarships donated for the term 1922-1923 located at the alphabetical end of that period. See also Series 10.

subseries 1: Contributions,

September 1922-August 1923

Box 9 (8 Folders)

series IV: 1 Box 9 Folder 1

A - Cartland, 1922-1923

series IV: 1 Box 9 Folder 2

Cary - Hasty, 1922-1923

series IV: 1 Box 9 Folder 3

Hill - Jenkins, 1922-1923

series IV: 1 Box 9 Folder 4

Jessup - Martin, 1922-1923

series IV: 1 Box 9 Folder 5

Meredith - Richie, 1922-1923

series IV: 1 Box 9 Folder 6

Rush - Z, 1922-1923

series IV: 1 Box 9 Folder 7

Scholarships, 1922-1923

series IV: 1 Box 9 Folder 8

Donations lists, 1922-1923

subseries 2: Contributions,

September 1923-August 1924

Box 9 (15 Folders)

series IV: 2 Box 9 Folder 9

A - B, 1923-1924

series IV: 2 Box 9 Folder 10

C, 1923-1924

series IV: 2 Box 9 Folder 11

D, 1923-1924

series IV: 2 Box 9 Folder 12

E - F, 1923-1924

series IV: 2 Box 9 Folder 13

G, 1923-1924

series IV: 2 Box 9 Folder 14

H, 1923-1924

series IV: 2 Box 9 Folder 15

I - K, 1923-1924

series IV: 2 Box 9 Folder 16

L, 1923-1924

series IV: 2 Box 9 Folder 17

M, 1923-1924

series IV: 2 Box 9 Folder 18

N - O, 1923-1924

series IV: 2 Box 9 Folder 19

P, 1923-1924

series IV: 2 Box 9 Folder 20

Q - R, 1923-1924

series IV: 2 Box 9 Folder 21

S - V, 1923-1924

series IV: 2 Box 9 Folder 22

W - Z, 1923-1924

series IV: 2 Box 9 Folder 23

Donations, September 1923-April 1924

subseries 3: Contributions,

September 1924-April 1925

Box 9 (10 Folders)

series IV: 3 Box 9 Folder 24

A - B, 1924-1925

series IV: 3 Box 9 Folder 25

C - D, 1924-1925

series IV: 3 Box 9 Folder 26

E - H, 1924-1925

series IV: 3 Box 9 Folder 27

I - L, 1924-1925

series IV: 3 Box 9 Folder 28

M - N, 1924-1925

series IV: 3 Box 9 Folder 29

O - Q, 1924-1925

series IV: 3 Box 9 Folder 30

R - S, 1924-1925

series IV: 3 Box 9 Folder 31

T - Z, 1924-1925

series IV: 3 Box 9 Folder 32

Lists of gifts, December 1923-April 1925

series IV: 3 Box 9 Folder 33

Donations list, November 1924-April 1925

series 5: Southland Internal Documents ,

1876-1925

Box 10

The internal documents contained in this series include Southland Institute application forms; minutes of staff meetings 1922-1925; Booster-Anniversary banquet invitations, 1924; printed halftone envelope, 1914; commencement programs, 1920, 1921, 1922; circulars for 1880-1881 and 1883-1884; catalogs for 1922-1923 and 1923-1924; 1876 diploma (located in box 29); Southland News, February 1897, student newspaper (located in box 29); and a list of Negro county agents and home demonstrators in the Southern states.

series V Box 10 Folder 1

Student application forms (blank), undated

series V Box 10 Folder 2

Staff Meetings, October 1922-May 1923

series V Box 10 Folder 3

Staff Meetings, September 1923-May 1924

series V Box 10 Folder 4

Staff Meetings, September 1924-April 1925

series V Box 10 Folder 5

Southland diploma, 1876 (Box 29)

series V Box 10 Folder 6

Southland News, February 1897 (Box 29)

series V Box 10 Folder 7

Commencement programs, circulars and catalogs, undated

series V Box 10 Folder 8

Negro county agents in the Southern states, undated

series 6: Missionary Board of the Indiana Yearly Meeting,

1872-1918

Box 11

Ledgers concerning the Missionary Board of the Indiana Yearly Meeting for Southland Institute, 1872-1918, and Correspondence between Southland and the Missionary Board, 1872-1918 (see Series 1, 2, and 3 for correspondence with the Board for the years 1922-1925).

series VI Box 11 Folder 1

Minute book, 1872-1913 Ledger containing the minutes of the Missionary Board of the Indiana Yearly Meeting for Southland College, September 1872 - September 1913. The ledger also contains (on the inside front cover) a pamphlet of the Freedmen's Normal Institute at Maryville, Tennessee, and a list of donations collected for a new boys' dormitory at Southland, 1878-1879

series VI Box 11 Folder 2

Letterpress book, 1888-1895 Letterpress book containing the correspondence of Joseph Dickinson, corresponding secretary of the Missionary Board under whose direction Southland was conducted. Correspondence covers the period May 1888 to June 1895

series VI Box 11 Folder 3

Minute book, 1917-1918 Executive Committee Minute Book, Missionary Board, Indiana Yearly Meeting for Southland College, October 1917-August 1918

series VI Box 11 Folder 4

Correspondence concerning the will of Sarah Henley, 1892

series VI Box 11 Folder 5

Correspondence, 1893

series VI Box 11 Folder 6

Correspondence, 1894-1895

series 7: Southland Monthly Meeting of Friends ,

1873-1922

Box 12

series VII Box 12 Folder 1

Minute book, December 1873-October 1922

series VII Box 12 Folder 2

Membership and dues ledger, 1873-1917

series VII Box 12 Folder 3

Record of attendance of seven Sunday School classes, October 1921-April 1922

series 8: Student Record Books ,

1876-1925

Boxes 13-16

This series contains student records including records of attendance, deportment, punctuality and grades; enrollment records; curricula records; minutes of the Sterge Clarksonian Literary Society, and diploma records.

series VIII Box 13 Folder 1

Record of attendance and grades, ca l876-1881 Ledger containing enrollment, curricula and record of grades for the college and preparatory departments from 1876. The ledger also contains a handwritten copy of the Articles of Incorporation of the Indiana Yearly Meeting in 1850 and the establishment of Southland College, dated 1876 by William H. Coffin (pp. 242-244) and a handwritten copy of the Act of Jan. 4, 1850, to enable the Indiana Yearly Meeting to manage property for educational purposes (pp. 244-249)

series VIII Box 13 Folder 2

Record of attendance and curricula, 1881-1882

series VIII Box 13 Folder 3

Record of attendance, undated

series VIII Box 13 Folder 4

Record of attendance, October 1887-May 1888, October 1888-February 1889

series VIII Box 13 Folder 5

Record of punctuality, attendance, deportment and grades, October 1891-May 1895

series VIII Box 13 Folder 6

Enrollment and student accounts, enrollment and boarding student accounts, daily class schedule and contract with M. Yarborough, 1891-1896, 1896-1897

series VIII Box 14 Folder 1

Grade book, 1895-1922 Enrollment, curricula and record of grades for the college, normal and model departments for 1895-1905 and 1907-1922

series VIII Box 14 Folder 2

Record of deportment, 1896-1898 Record of punctuality, attendance and deportment for model department March-May 1896, October-May 1897. Upside-down: model department enrollment and curricula 1897-1898

series VIII Box 14 Folder 3

Record of deportment, 1896-1898 Daily register of punctuality, attendance and deportment for October 1896-May 1898

series VIII Box 14 Folder 4

Loose sheets with primer to second grades enrollment with pass or fail indicated; third grade enrollment, curriculum and record of grades; and curricula for grades 8-13, 1913-1914

series VIII Box 14 Folder 5

Enrollment and attendance for levels 8-13, October 1918-February 1920 (located in Box 29)

series VIII Box 15 Folder 1

Attendance records and grade reports of Lucy O. Maxey, teacher, for grades 1-6, 1920-May 1921

series VIII Box 15 Folder 2

Record of attendance of Laurence M. Scott, teacher, for grades 8-12, September 1920-May 1921

series VIII Box 15 Folder 3

Eighth grade enrollment, curriculum and grades, 1920-1921

series VIII Box 15 Folder 4

Enrollment, student data and daily class schedules for grades 1-12, 1920-1921

series VIII Box 15 Folder 5

Record of enrollment, curricula and grades for levels 8-12, 1921-1922 (located in box 29)

series VIII Box 15 Folder 6

Records of attendance and grades of Myrtle Stanchel, teacher, for grades 1-7, July 1921-April 1922

series VIII Box 15 Folder 7

Attendance record of Blanche O. Hudson, teacher, for grades 1-3, September 1921-May 1922

series VIII Box 15 Folder 8

Attendance record of Joseph C. Penn, teacher, for grade 7, September 1921-May 1922

series VIII Box 15 Folder 9

Attendance record of Laurence M. Scott, teacher, for grades 8-12, September 1921-May 1922

series VIII Box 15 Folder 10

Enrollment, curricula and grades for levels 1-12 for two school terms, 1922-1923, 1923-1924

series VIII Box 15 Folder 11

Record of enrollment and grades, September 1922-June 1925

series VIII Box 15 Folder 12

Student demerit books, October 1922-May 1923 Maintained by Cecelia Jenkins, demerit books contain name, date, description of infraction and number of demerits deducted

series VIII Box 16 Folder 1

Literary Society Minutes, undated Ledger containing the constitution and by-laws (pp. 27-34) and minutes (pp. 36-140) of the Sterge Clarksonian Literary Society, a student organization, 1902-1909. The ledger also contains the monthly expense reports for August 1887-April 1888 (pp. 300-305)

series VIII Box 16 Folder 2

Record of graduates, 1876-1924 Ledger containing list of graduates from the college department 1876-1922 (pp. 3-31) and list of graduates from the normal department 1880-1924 (pp.101-141); and names of faculty from 1890

series VIII Box 16 Folder 3

Alumni lists (2), 1876-1922

series VIII Box 16 Folder 4

Index cards, 1876-1924 Set of index cards of Southland graduates from the college and normal departments; each card contains the name, address, year of graduation and occupation of alumnus

series VIII Box 16 Folder 5

Pumphrey Hall book, undated Maintained by Joseph C. Penn, "o.k." book was used to record the condition of rooms in the boys' dormitory

series VIII Box 16 Folder 6

Teachers forms, undated Teachers' contracts; monthly and term reports (blank)

series 9: Financial Records ,

1882-1925

Boxes 17-22

This series contains early financial records and financial ledgers, 1882-1925, concerning: the Sturge Fund; tax receipts; monthly financial and expense reports; student tuition account; and an index card file of contributors to Southland and subscribers to the American Friend; other financial records; and invoices.

subseries 1: Early Financial Records,

1882-1914

Box 17 (4 Folders)

series IX: 1 Box 17 Folder 1

Sturge Fund Ledger, 1882-1897 Record of appropriations of the George Sturge Fund received from the Missionary Board with itemized amounts of distribution among students

series IX: 1 Box 17 Folder 2

Receipts issued primarily for funds from the Missionary Board of the Indiana Yearly Meeting and a record of fire insurance coverage, 1887-1890

series IX: 1 Box 17 Folder 3

Inventories for books, farm and kitchen supplies and donations, 1891-1897 The second inventory is a list of the total number of chairs for June 1897

series IX: 1 Box 17 Folder 4

Tax receipts for Phillips County, 1898-1914

subseries 2: Monthly Financial Reports,

1886-1925

Box 17 (7 Folders)-Box 18

series IX: 2 Box 17 Folder 5

Ledger containing monthly expense reports, July 1886-August 1897 Receipts recorded are by C. W. Osborn, from boarding students, for building purposes and for the farm covering the period May 1888-May 1889 (pp. 230-237). Donations are listed for October 1887-May 1888 (pp. 248-256). The ledger also contains a copy of the report to the Missionary Board of the Indiana Yearly Meeting dated September 1892 (p. 120) and Sabbath School attendance reports for June 1890 and 1891-1892 (p. 228)

series IX: 2 Box 17 Folder 6

Ledger containing monthly expense reports, September 1892-October 1895 a contract for tuition and work with J. K. Howard (p. 189); remedies for ear and toothaches and colds (p. 188); and a list of prospective students (p. 190)

series IX: 2 Box 17 Folder 7

Monthly expense reports, February-June 1893, February-July 1895 and a financial statement for the year 1893-1894 (located in Box 29)

series IX: 2 Box 17 Folder 8

Monthly expense reports, October-December 1899, May-June 1900

series IX: 2 Box 17 Folder 9

Ledger containing the monthly expense reports and 11 months financial statement, October 1899-August 1900 a listing of fire insurance coverage; and a memoranda of adjustments due the estate of S. A. Pearson

series IX: 2 Box 17 Folder 10

Ledger containing monthly expense reports, September 1900-August 1902

series IX: 2 Box 17 Folder 11

Student accounts and monthly expense reports, October 1901-June 1904 The index at the front of the ledger is accurate according to listings and pagination

series IX: 2 Box 18 Folder 1

Monthly expense report, December 1902

series IX: 2 Box 18 Folder 2

Monthly expense reports, October-December 1903

series IX: 2 Box 18 Folder 3

Monthly expense reports, January-September 1904

series IX: 2 Box 18 Folder 4

Monthly expense reports, October-December 1905

series IX: 2 Box 18 Folder 5

Monthly expense reports, January-December 1906

series IX: 2 Box 18 Folder 6

Monthly expense reports, January-October 1907

series IX: 2 Box 18 Folder 7

Monthly expense report, February 1914

series IX: 2 Box 18 Folder 8

Monthly expense reports, September 1920-May 1921

series IX: 2 Box 18 Folder 9

Endowment report, 1919

series IX: 2 Box 18 Folder 10

Student tuition accounts grouped according to status (day or boarding students) with an accurate index, 1919-1920

series IX: 2 Box 18 Folder 11

Students tuition accounts, 1922-1923

series IX: 2 Box 18 Folder 12

List of salaries and wages, October 1922-August 1923

series IX: 2 Box 18 Folder 13

Petty cash ledger, August 1923-June 1925

series IX: 2 Box 18 Folder 14

Unidentified notebook, ca 1896 inserted index page, undated

subseries 3: Contributions,

undated

Box 19

series IX: 3 Box 19 Folder 1

Index card file box containing two sets of files of contributors to Southland: First set, undated Each set of cards contains the name and address of the contributor, and the date(s) and amount(s) of contribution(s) made.

Divided into six categories:

1) individuals;

2) organizations;

3) Southland Alumni and other colored people;

4) Southland alumni college department;

5) normal department;

6) donations other than money.

series IX: 3 Box 19 Folder 2

Index card file box containing two sets of files of contributors to Southland: Second set, undated

divided into 10 categories:

1) individuals paid;

2) individuals partially paid;

3) individuals, no payment;

4) organizations paid;

5) organizations partially paid;

6) Southland alumni paid;

7) Southland alumni partial payment;

8) Southland alumni, no payment;

9) American Friend subscribers;

10) American Friend non-subscribers

subseries 4: Inventories and Other Financial Records,

1922-1925

Box 20

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 1

Inventory, 1922-1923

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 2

Inventory, August 1923

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 3

Book inventory, August 1924

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 4

Inventory, August 1924

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 5

Inventory, August 1924

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 6

Inventory, August 1925

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 7

Monthly financial statement, October 1922-September 1923

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 8

Monthly financial statement, September 1923-August 1924

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 9

Monthly financial statement, September 1924-June 1925

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 10

Cash accounts, September-December 1923

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 11

Cash accounts, January-August 1924

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 12

Cash accounts, September-December 1924

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 13

Monthly accounts, August 1923-May 1924 (Box 29)

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 14

Monthly accounts, July 1924-June 1925

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 15

Operating balance sheets, August 1924-June 1925

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 16

Financial statement, March 1922

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 17

Financial statement, 1925 (Box 29)

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 18

Budget report, February 1924

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 19

Audit report, 1922-1924 (Box 29)

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 20

Board of Home Missions - receipts, 1922-1925

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 21

Receipt books, 1924-1925

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 22

Farm receipts, October 1922-March 1923

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 23

Deposit Slips, September 1923-August 1924

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 24

Deposit Slips, September 1924-June 1925

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 25

Cancelled checks, March-June 1925

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 26

Notes, 1923-1924

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 27

Pledges, 1924

series IX: 4 Box 20 Folder 28

Miscellaneous, undated

subseries 5: Paid Invoices,

September 1923-August 1924

Box 21-Box 22 (8 Folders)

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 1

A, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 2

B, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 3

C - E, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 4

Fair - Fitzpatrick, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 5

Freight - Friends, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 6

Ginn - Goodwyn, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 7

Gulf Refining, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 8

Hall - Helena Wholesale Dry Goods, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 9

Helena Wholesale Grocery, September-October 1923

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 10

Helena Wholesale Grocery, November-December 1923

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 11

Helena Wholesale Grocery, January-March 1924

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 12

Helena Wholesale Grocery, April-August 1924

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 13

Hickey - Hunter, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 14

I, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 15

J - King Wholesale Drug, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 16

King, Wm. - Lewis, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 17

Lippincott - MacMillan, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 18

McRae Wholesale Hardware, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 21 Folder 19

Manual - Methodist, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 22 Folder 1

Missouri - Morris, December 1923

series IX: 5 Box 22 Folder 2

Morris - Mott, 1924

series IX: 5 Box 22 Folder 3

N - O, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 22 Folder 4

P - Q, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 22 Folder 5

R, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 22 Folder 6

S, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 22 Folder 7

T - V, 1923-1924

series IX: 5 Box 22 Folder 8

W - Z, 1923-1924

subseries 6: Paid Invoices,

September 1924-June 1925

Box 22 (21 Folders)

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 9

A, 1924-1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 10

B, 1924-1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 11

C, 1924-1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 12

D, 1924-1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 13

Edison - Feldman, 1924-1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 14

Fitzpatrick - Freight, 1924-1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 15

G, 1924-1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 16

H - Helena Wholesale Dry Goods, 1924-1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 17

Helena Wholesale Grocery, September 1924-December 1924

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 18

Helena Wholesale Grocery, January-June 1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 19

Hickey - J, 1924-1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 20

K, 1924-1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 21

L, 1924-1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 22

MacMillan - McRae, 1924-1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 23

Memphis - Missouri, 1924-1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 24

Morris Packing Company, September-December 1924

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 25

Morris Packing Company - Mundt , January-May 1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 26

N - P, 1924-1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 27

R - S, 1924-1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 28

T - V, 1924-1925

series IX: 6 Box 22 Folder 29

W - Z, 1924-1925

series 10: Photographs,

1897-1925

Boxes 23-28

This series contains over 300 black and white prints, plus some 150 duplicate prints of Southland faculty, staff, students, and alumni; and views of the campus, buildings, and surrounding area. Also included are some 175 negatives, fifty glass lantern slides (seventeen of them hand-colored), a scrapbook, and a cloth banner displaying additional prints.

Unless otherwise noted, both prints and negatives are originals, taken predominately in the 1910s and 1920s. Most of the negatives are 4 x 5 or 3 1/4 x 5 1/2, and have been given the same number (with the suffix "N") as their corresponding print. Contact prints were made, during processing, of negatives originally without corresponding prints.

All measurements are in inches, height x width. People are identified (unless otherwise noted) from left to right.

"(D)" indicates that a photograph has one or more duplicates (see Subseries 15). Duplicates have the same number as original print, but with suffix "D." In many cases, these duplicates are not additional prints from the same negative, but rather almost identical pictures taken at the same time as the one designated the original. After the "D," the number of duplicates is noted, as well as measurements or type of picture, if different from the designated original.

"(N)" indicates that a photograph has a negative (see Subseries 16). Negatives have the same number as original print, but with suffix "N."

"(Lantern slide --)" indicates that the same image was used in the glass lantern slide number --.

"(Banner)" indicates that the same image was used in a print mounted on the cloth display banner.

"(Postal card)" indicates that the image was printed to be used as a post card. Halftone printed postal cards are identified as such.

"(Halftone proof)" indicates a printed halftone proof of a picture used in a Southland publication.

"(Processing print)" indicates a print made during processing. In most cases, contacts were made of negatives originally without a corresponding print. In some cases, copy prints were made for exhibit; many of these were toned brown.

subseries 1: Faculty, Staff, Students, Parents, Alumni,

1897-1925

Box 23 (111 Images)

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 1

Harry C. Wolford; formal portrait, undated 5 x 3 1/2 oval on 9 x 6 card. (N: 35 mm).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 2

Anna B. Wolford; formal portrait, undated 5 x 3 1/2 oval on 9 x 6 card.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 3

Herschel Folger, principal 1910-1915; formal portrait, undated 5 x 2 3/4 on 7 3/4 x 4 3/4 card. Photo by F. J. Parsons, Richmond, Indiana.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 4

Esther Terrill, assistant principal 1915-1916; formal portrait, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/2 on 6 1/4 x 8 1/2 folded card. Photo by Clace Studio, Ames.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 5

Rosa Chalfont, teacher, 7th grade; formal portrait, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/2 on 10 1/2 x 5 1/4 card. Photo by Bundy, Richmond, Indiana.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 6

Walter Cecil Mills, teacher and director of Manual Training; formal portrait, undated 5 x 3 1/2 oval on 9 x 6 card. Photo by Carpenter, Wabash, Indiana.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 7

David Smith, teacher, 6th grade; formal portrait, undated formal portrait. 5 x 3 1/2 oval on 8 x 6 card.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 8

Cordelia Cable, 1904; formal portrait, undated 3 1/2 x 1 3/4 oval on 7 x 4 card. Photo by The Artist Studio, Eugene L. Webb, Maryville, Tennessee.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 9

Lily Jones Pruitt, graduate of the college department, 1905; teacher, 1905-1910; formal portrait, undated 5 x 3 1/2 oval on 9 3/4 x 6 1/2 card.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 10

Blanche Hudson, graduate of the college department, 1916; teacher, 1917-1922; formal portrait, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (Postal card) Photo by DeHaven, Chicago.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 11

Faculty, ca 1917 4 x 5. (Processing print) (N: two 4 x 5) (D: one print).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 12

David Smith, undated 4 x 5. (Lantern slide 21) (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 13

Faculty and members of Board of Home Missions, undated 4 x 5. (Processing print) (N: two 4 x 5) (D: one print).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 14

Harry C. Wolford, undated 5 l/2 x 3 1/2. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 15

Unidentified woman and Anna B. Wolford, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 16

Mr. and Mrs. John A. Baldwin, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4)*.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 17

John Baldwin holding unidentified child, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4) (D: one print).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 18

John Baldwin and unidentified man, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 19

Unidentified man, Harlow Lindley, John Baldwin, unidentified man, undated 3 x 5 l/2. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: one print + one 3 x 4 1/4 halftone proof).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 20

Survey Group (T. J. Woofter, J. A. Presson, Jackson Davis, Harlow Lindley, Anna Wolford, Ruthanna Simms, Harry C. Wolford, Leo M. Favrot, 1921 )3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: two 3 1/4 x 5 1/4 prints).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 21

Laurence and Grace Scott, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 22

Russell Ratliff, unidentified young man, Oralee Brown, Tressie Thomas Ratliff, Laurence Scott, undated 3 1/2 x 5 1/2.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 23

Series of informal group portraits of the faculty, 1920-1921 The photographs were apparently taken on the same day at various locations on the Southland campus, and with the people in various arrangements.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 23a

Front: Laurence Scott, Russell Ratliff, Joseph Charles Penn, Fred Tharp; rear: Harry C. Wolford, Anna B. Wolford, Tressie Thomas Ratliff, Grace Scott, Blanche Hudson, Lucy O. Maxey, Mary Moore, 1920-1921 3 1/2 x 5 1/2. (Postal card) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: four postal cards + one 3 x 5 1/4 print).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 23b

Laurence Scott, Fred Tharp, Russell Ratliff, Harry C. Wolford, Tressie Thomas Ratliff, Anna B. Wolford, Blanche Hudson, Lucy O. Maxey, Mary Moore, Grace Scott, Joseph Charles Penn, 1920-1921 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 23c

Laurence Scott, Russell Ratliff, Harry C. Wolford, Anna Wolford, Tressie Thomas Ratliff, Grace Scott, Blanche Hudson, Fred Tharp, Mary Moore, Joseph Charles Penn, Lucy Maxey, 1920-1921 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 23d

Front: Harry C. Wolford, Anna B. Wolford, Russell Ratliff, Lucy O. Maxey, Laurence Scott, Grace Scott, Joseph Charles Penn; rear: Tressie Thomas Ratliff, Blanche Hudson, Mary Moore, Fred Tharp, 1920-1921 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 23e

Laurence Scott, Grace Scott, Russell Ratliff, Anna B. Wolford, Tressie Thomas Ratliff, Harry C. Wolford, Blanche Hudson, Fred Tharp, Mary Moore, Lucy O. Maxey, Joseph Charles Penn, 1920-1921 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 23f

Front: Laurence Scott, Russell Ratliff, Joseph Charles Penn; rear: Anna B. Wolford, Harry C. Wolford, Lucy O. Maxey, Grace Scott, Tressie Thomas Ratliff, Mary Moore, Blanche Hudson, Fred Tharp, 1920-1921 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (D: one print, cropped to 2 1/2 x 4 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 23g

RussellRatliff, Laurence Scott, Harry C. Wolford, Tressie Thomas Ratliff, Anna B. wolford, Grace Scott, Blanche Hudson, Lucy O. Maxey, Fred Tharp, Joseph Charles Penn, Mary Moore, 1920-1921 Numbers on bottom margin, identifications on reverse. 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (N: two 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: all with Russell Ratliff and Laurence Scott reversed; three prints [two with dog] + one processing print).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 24

Black faculty, 1919-1920 (standing, Lucy Maxey, Blanche Hudson, Mary Moore; kneeling, Joseph Charles Penn), undated 4 1/4 x 2 1/4.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 25

Male Faculty, 1920-1921 (Harry C. Wolford, Russell Ratliff, Laurence Scott, Joseph Charles Penn, Fred Tharp), undated 3 1/2 x 6.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 26

Female Faculty, 1920-1921 (Anna Wolford, Grace Scott, Blanche Hudson, Lucy Maxey, Tressie Thomas Ratliff, Mary Moore), undated 3 1/2 x 6.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 27

Faculty, 1922-1923 (front row: Raymond Jenkins, Cecelia Jenkins, Mary Moore, Mabel Martin, Nelle Vore; back row, Irene Utter, Leigh Barrett, Joseph Charles Penn, Fred Tharp, Florence Jamison, Ann Colby), undated 3 x 4 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: two 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 prints + one 3 x 4 1/4 halftone proof).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 28

Raymond and Cecelia Jenkins with dog, undated 3 1/2 x 5 1/2. (Postal card, halftone) (D: ten postal cards) (2 1/2 x 4 1/4 halftone proof).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 29

Two graduates of Southland. "One married mail clerk, also Southland graduate, and lives in St. Louis and the other married prominent Memphis doctor;" formal portrait, undated 5 1/2 x 2 3/4 oval on 8 1/2 x 5 card. Photo by Spangler.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 30

Rebecca Busby Byrum, graduate of college deptartment, 1897; formal full-length portrait, undated 5 l/2 x 3 1/2, (Postal card) Photo by Hooks Bros. Studio, [Memphis, Tennessee].

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 31

Mrs. Byrum's two children; formal portrait, undated 5 l/2 x 3 1/2. (Postal card) Photo by Hooks Bros. Studio, Memphis, Tennessee.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 32

Oralee Brown, graduate college department 1919; formal portrait, undated 6 x 4. (Lantern slide 7) (D: one 2 3/4 x 2 halftone proof).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 33

Oralee Brown, undated 4 1/4 x 2 1/2.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 34

Bennie Scott, from Mississippi, undated 4 x 2 3/4.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 35

Sadie and Mack Evans, undated 4 x 2 3/4.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 36

Two poses of Bessie Fogle as a child, undated

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 36s

Bessie Fogle as a child, undated 7 1/2 x 4 3/4. (N: 4 x 5) (D: 4 x 5 processing print).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 36b

Bessie Fogle as a child, undated 4 x 5. (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 37

Bessie Fogle as a young woman, undated 5 3/4 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 38

Unidentified Southland alumna; formal portrait, undated 7 3/4 x 4 3/4. Photo by Clark, Colorado Springs, Colorado.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 39

Unidentified Southland alumnus; two formal portraits, undated Photo by Clark, Colorado Springs, Colorado.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 39a

Unidentified Southland alumnus; formal portrait, undated 8 1/2 x 7. Photo by Clark, Colorado Springs, Colorado.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 39b

Unidentified Southland alumnus; formal portrait, undated 3 x 2 image on 6 x 2 card in 6 x 5 1/4 folder. Photo by Clark, Colorado Springs, Colorado.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 40

Anna Kennedy, eight years old, daughter of former Southland students; formal portrait, undated 5 1/4 x 3 1/2 on 9 x 6 card. Photo by Hooks Bros. Studio, Memphis, Tennessee.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 41

Nell Vore and Freddie [Jackson], 1924-1925 "Nell Vore is music director at Southland/a Richmond Friend". 5 x 3.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 42

Mary Harper, September 1924 3 1/4 x 2 1/4.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 43

Luverne Clark, 1924-1925 Teacher from Iowa. 3 1/4 x 2 1/4.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 44

Blanche Hudson and Joseph Charles Penn, undated 3 1/2 x 6. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 45

Blanche Hudson and Henry Peterson. Hudson was girls' governess and Peterson, a 1917 graduate of the college department, taught spring 1918, spring 1918 6 x 3 1/2.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 46

Unidentified woman, Maggie Busby, and Roberta Jones, former students and teachers at Southland, undated 4 1/2 x 2 1/2. (Lantern slide 8) (D: one 3 x 2 1/4 halftone proof).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 47

Sadie Camp, dining hall and kitchen matron, 1924-1925 3 x 2.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 48

Mrs. Molly Jackson, cook, undated 6 x 4.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 49

Duncan Freeland, former student, undated 3 x 3 1/2. (Lantern slide 3) (D: two 4 1/4 x 2 image on 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal cards, halftone, + one 4 1/4 x 2 halftone proof).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 50

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Busby, whose four children attended Southland, undated 3 1/2 x 6. (Lantern slide 4) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: two prints, one cropped to 2 3/4 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 51

Unidentified older black man, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 52

Bernice Pinkston, undated 4 1/2 x 2 1/2.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 53

Anderson Johnson, "Before", 1914 4 1/2 x 2 1/2.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 54

Anderson Johnson, "After", 1914 4 1/2 x 2 1/2.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 55

Luella Bobo, winner of the Oratorical Contest, 1924 4 x 2 1/4. (D: one 3 x 1 3/4 halftone proof with printed caption).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 56

Blondell Harris, 12th grade. "Good Music Student", 1924-1925 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 57

Catherine Penny, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4) (D: one print).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 58

Freddie Jackson, undated 3 1/2 x 2 1/4. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/2 x 2 1/4) (D: one 2 1/4 x 1 1/2 halftone proof).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 59

Freddie Jackson, 1924-1925 3 x 2. (D: one print).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 60

Mrs. Jackson's baby, undated 4 1/2 x 2 1/2.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 61

Unidentified Southland graduate and Blanche Hudson, undated 2 1/2 x 3.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 62

James Williams, 7th year, and Blanche Hudson, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/2.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 63

Unidentified man and James Williams, undated 4 x 5. (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 64

Willie Randall, 8th year, and Dolly Jones, 12th year, December 1917 5 1/2 x 3 1/2.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 65

The "Kitchen-ettes" (Lucy Youngblood, 10th year; Lillie Bellamy, 8th year; Joseph James, 8th year; and Mrs. Mollie Jackson), October 1917 . Mrs. Jackson "has a son at Southland. Mrs. Jackson was cook for several years. She entered Southland and took some work and cooked, too. Later she gave up her studies and devoted all her time to cooking." 5 1/2 x 3 1/2. (Lantern slide 6).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 66

Etta Adams, Charle Margerum, Bertha Johnson, Mabel Paschel and John Williams; Southland College, Sunday, March 5, 1916 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 67

Etta Adams, Charle Margerum and Bertha Johnson; Southland College, Sunday, March 5, 1916 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 68

James Moore, Winnie Anderson, Daisy Moore, Maceo Littlejohn, Beulah Upchurch and Monroe Mosby in automobile, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 69

Winnie Anderson and James Moore in automobile, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 70

John Williams and Floyd Holman, March 5, 1916 5 1/2 x 3 1/2. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4) (D: two prints).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 71

Floyd Holman and John Williams, undated 6 x 3 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 72

Irma Danzy and Judge Wilson, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (Lantern slide 14) (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 73

John Williams and Mabel Paschel, March 5, 1916 5 1/2 x 3 1/2. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4) (D: three postal cards).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 74

Ardellia Bowman, 9th year, and Dan Hancock, 7th year, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 75

Willie Bell Hendon and Catherine Penny, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (Processing print) (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 76

Catherine Penny, 7th year, and Willie Bell Hendon, 6th year, Spring, 1921 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4) (D: three postal cards).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 77

Bessie Fogle, Blanche Hudson, Bernice Pinkston and Willamette Mosby, October 1917 5 1/4 x 3. (Lantern slide 5) (D: one 2 1/2 x 2 1/2 halftone proof).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 78

Bessie Fogle (front) and four unidentified children, undated 2 1/2 x 4.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 79

Bessie Fogle (center) and two unidentified girls; Commencement Day, 1918 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4) (D: two postal cards).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 80

Bessie Fogle and two unidentified girls in Southland uniform, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4) (D: one print).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 81

"Three of the older girls" (two unidentified students and Lucy Youngblood), undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/2. (Lantern slide 10) (Postal card) (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4) (D: four postal cards).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 82

Four students on the lawn; second from left, Lucy Youngblood, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 83

Two unidentified children with mule and buggy, undated "These children have been driving this old gray mule 5 miles each morning and evening to school at Southland for the past three years. The children are now 9 and 10 years old. The grandfather sent them the mule from Alabama. This past winter the roads got too bad for others to travel but not these three. They hitched to the one horse wagon and used chairs [remainder illegible]." 2 1/4 x 4.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 84

Close-up of the two unidentified children of the mule and buggy, undated "They rode complacently along. They had only one accident--one day they started in the buggy and the boy soon returned home for the wagon, saying they had broken a wheel. When asked how it happened, said, 'he guessed the wheel was no account.' Later the father found out the boy hit a mule that passed him on the road and the mule kicked the spokes out of his wheel. (This is a poor picture; the children are both fine looking)." 2 1/4 x 4.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 85

Two Southland graduates (a man and a woman) and their daughters, ages 2 and 3, undated 2 1/2 x 4 1/4.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 86

Three young girls, undated "Billingsley. The father of [these] 3 little girls [illegible] Southland [illegible] 160 acres of land, which he earned by [working] in the timber and [illegible]." 2 1/4 x 4.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 87

Unidentified male Southland student, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/2.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 88

"The Spirit of Southland." Unidentified female Southland student, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4) (D: one print + one 2 3/4 x 2 half-tone proof).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 89

Unidentified boy, undated "This little fellow came one cold day to ask if 'any boxes had come from the north.' His clothes were man's size and little of the coat tail was left--Rag strings in his shoes and the kind that lets the water run out when he [got] his feet wet." 5 1/2 x 3 1/2. (Postal card).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 90

Unidentified girl in Southland uniform, undated 3 1/2 x 2.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 91

Unidentified girl in Southland uniform sitting on the ground, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4) (D: one print).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 92

Unidentified girl in Southland uniform, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 93

Unidentified girl, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (Processing print) (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 94

Unidentified girl in Southland uniform, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (Processing print) (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 95

Two unidentified girls in Southland uniform, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 96

Unidentified girl, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (Processing print) (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 97

Unidentified girl, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (Processing print) (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 98

Unidentified girl, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 99

Two unidentified girls, undated 3 3/4 x 2 1/2. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4) (D: one 5 1/2 x 3 1/4 processing print).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 100

Two unidentified girls, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (Processing print) (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 101

Two unidentified [students] on boardwalk from Hazzard Hall, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (Processing print) (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 102

Two unidentified girls in Southland uniform, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 103

Two unidentified girls in Southland uniform leaning against tree, undated 3 1/2 x 5 1/2. (Lantern slide 9) (Postal card) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 104

Two unidentified girls sitting on trunk, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 105

Four unidentified Southland students, three girls and one boy, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 106

Four unidentified girls in Southland uniform, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 107

Five unidentified girls in Southland uniform, undated 3 l/2 x 5 1/2. (Postal card) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 108

Unidentified girl, man, and woman, undated Postcard addressed to Southland: "Dear sir, Please send me your catalog today..." 3 1/2 x 5 1/2. (Postal card).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 109

Informal group portrait: eight girls in Southland uniform, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: six 2 1/2 x 4 1/4 image on 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal cards, halftone).

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 110

Informal group portrait: nine unidentified girls, undated 2 x 3 1/4.

series X: 1 Box 23 Item 111

Group of seven younger students, undated 4 1/2 x 5 3/4. (Lantern slide 26) (Processing print, toned) (N: 35 mm).

subseries 2: Classes/Activities ,

1904-1925

Box 23 (49 Images)

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 112

Elementary grades in front of school building, undated 4 x 5. (Lantern slide 29) (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 113

Elementary grades on lawn, undated 4 x 5. (Lantern slide 46) (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 114

Elementary girls on Hazzard Hall porch, undated 4 x 5. (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 115

Group of younger girls on steps of school building, undated 3 1/2 x 5 1/2. (Postal card) (N: two 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: one 3 x 5 1/4 processing print).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 116

Group of older girls, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 117

Seventh and eighth grade agriculture class, 1924-1925 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4) (D: one 5 1/2 x 3 1/2 processing print).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 118

Informal group portrait: "'Our boys,' with four gone." Front row: David Smith, Mack Evans, unidentified boy, undated 4 x 6 1/2.

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 119

Eighth grade Shop boys, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2.

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 120

Florence Jamison and Irene Utter with group of girls, undated 3 x 5 1/2. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: one 3 1/4 x 5 1/2 processing print).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 121

Girls in ironing room of the laundry, undated 3 x 5.

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 122

Girls in ironing room of the laundry, undated 3 x 5 (Lantern slide 2) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: one 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal card).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 123

Informal group portrait: Domestic Science class, undated 3 x 5 1/2.

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 124

Group of older boys, undated 3 1/2 x 4 1/2. (Lantern slide 27) (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 125

Southland group at fence, undated 2 1/4 x 4. (D: one print).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 126

Luverne Clark, Josephine Bellamy, two unidentified girls, undated 4 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 127

Group of Bellis Training School students at noon hour, undated 4 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 128

Day students at noon hour, undated 5 1/2 x 3. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 129

(eliminated), (eliminated) 129 has been eliminated

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 130

Southland boys baseball club, undated 3 3/4 x 4 1/2. (Lantern slide 28) (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 131

Southland girls team, undated 3 3/4 x 4 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 132

"Box of dolls" (young children in "Japanese" costume), undated 2 3/4 x 4 1/2. Stamped on reverse of print: "Best and Quickest Service/Helena Photo Shop/Helena, Arkansas."

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 133

Sunday School class, 1920-1921 (x marks Tressie Ratliff, teacher). "I have 40 or more as a ru[le in the] Dorm. Girls are required to [wear] middy and skirt 'uniforms.' Those that have other outfits are outside girls." 2 3/4 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: two 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal cards).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 134

Fourth grade Bible class: 1st row, Vivian Campbell, Lillian Christmas, Hiawatha Jackson, R.D. Burke; 2nd row, Jesse Chambers, Alfred Moss, Arlillian Combs, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4) (D: one processing print).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 135

School picnic. Standing at far left, David Smith; standing at far right, Harry C. Wolford, November 1904 5 x 7. [Albumen print?].

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 136

Southland girls on the lawn playing croquet, undated 5 x 7. (Banner).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 137

On the lawn in front of Central Hall watching a baseball game, spring 1915 3 1/4 x 5 1/2.

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 138

Playing baseball beside Pumphrey Hall, undated (Lantern slide 37) (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 139

On basketball court, 1924-1925 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 140

Recess, undated 4 x 5. (Lantern slide 31). (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 141

Recess, undated 4 x 5. (Lantern slide 31). (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 142

Playing volleyball, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (Processing print) (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 143

Playing volleyball, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (Processing print) (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 144

Informal group portrait, January 1916 "Southland, Ark. Jan. 1916. Some College turnips, and some of the College boys." Also written on reverse: "No. 3" and "Hill." 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Lantern slide 11) (Postal card) (D: one 2 3/4 x 4 1/4 halftone proof; boy at far left cropped off).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 145

Sweet potato patch, with students, wagon, team, October 1917 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (D: one print).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 146

Mule wearing collar and "Southland" sign; group of students, undated 3 x 4 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: one 3 1/4 x 5 1/4 print).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 147

Mule wearing collar and "Southland" sign; two male students, undated 3 x 4 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: one 3 1/4 x 5 1/4 print).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 148

"Flag Day", 1924 Students raising flag. "#2 Flag raising Southland Spring Fair and Exhibit 1924." 4 x 2 1/4.

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 149

Flag, 1924 "#3 Flag raising at Southland Spring Fair and Exhibit 1924." 4 x 2 1/4.

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 150

"Exhibit of vegetables grown on Southland farm", undated 3 x 5. (Lantern slide 17).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 151

Spring fair and exhibit, 1924 3 x 5.

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 152

"# 1 Flag raising at Southland Spring Fair and Exhibit", 1924 2 1/4 x 4.

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 153

"Mr. E. C. Hornor, president of Helena Chamber of Commerce speaking at Southland Spring Fair and Exhibit", 1924 2 1/4 x 3 3/4.

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 154

"Listening to speaker, Southland Spring Fair and Exhibit", 1924 2 1/4 x 4.

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 155

"Part of crowd at Southland Spring Fair and Exhibit", 1924 2 1/4 x 4.

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 156

"Part of crowd at Southland Spring Fair and Exhibit", 1924 2 1/4 x 4.

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 157

Visitors to Southland, in wagon pulled by team, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/4.

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 158

Unidentified yound man with wheelbarrow full of watermelons, 1924-1925 2 x 3.

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 159

Students enjoying watermelon, undated 3 x 4 1/4. (N: two 3 1/4 x 5 1/2 ) (D: three 3 1/4 x 5 1/4 prints, one cropped to 3 x 5).

series X: 2 Box 23 Item 160

Older student enjoying watermelon, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

subseries 3: Interiors of Southland Buildings ,

1915-1916

Box 23 (6 Images)

series X: 3 Box 23 Item 161

Dining room, undated 4 1/2 x 6. (Lantern slide 23) (Processing print, toned) (N: 35 mm).

series X: 3 Box 23 Item 162

Interior of chapel/assembly room from northwest corner towards the front, February 26, 1916 3 1/4 x 5 1/4. (Lantern slide 1) (N: 35 mm + one 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: two 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal cards, one cropped to 3 x 5).

series X: 3 Box 23 Item 163

Chapel, Commencement, May 5, 1916 2 1/4 x 3 1/4.

series X: 3 Box 23 Item 164

Back of chapel, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2.

series X: 3 Box 23 Item 165

Laundry washroom, undated 3 1/2 x 5 1/2. (Postal card) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: one 2 3/4 x 5 print).

series X: 3 Box 23 Item 166

"Christmas tree (holly) in students' dining room", 1915 3 1/4 x 5 1/4. (Postal card).

subseries 4: Southland Buildings ,

1902-1910

Box 23 (6 Images)-Box 24 (38 Images)

series X: 4 Box 23 Item 167

Chapel, undated 1 1/2 x 2 prints on 3 x 3 1/4 cards, "Pocket Kodak" embossed on cards.

series X: 4 Box 23 Item 168

Central Hall--front view, undated 1 1/2 x 2 prints on 3 x 3 1/4 cards, "Pocket Kodak" embossed on cards.

series X: 4 Box 23 Item 169

Pumphrey Hall, undated 1 1/2 x 2 prints on 3 x 3 1/4 cards, "Pocket Kodak" embossed on cards.

series X: 4 Box 23 Item 170

Wood house, undated 1 1/2 x 2 prints on 3 x 3 1/4 cards, "Pocket Kodak" embossed on cards.

series X: 4 Box 23 Item 171

Load of cotton on wagon pulled by team, undated 1 1/2 x 2 prints on 3 x 3 1/4 cards, "Pocket Kodak" embossed on cards.

series X: 4 Box 23 Item 172

Cotton field, undated 1 1/2 x 2 prints on 3 x 3 1/4 cards, "Pocket Kodak" embossed on cards.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 173

Central Hall: dining room/officers and teachers home, undated 5 1/4 x 6 3/4 on 7 x 9 card.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 174

Central Hall, front view; "Old Chapel at Left", undated 4 3/4 x 6 3/4 on 7 x 9 card. A. W. Arter Photo, Helena, Ark.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 175

Central Hall, two unidentified men, horse and buggy, undated 4 3/4 x 6 1/2 on 7 x 9 card. A. W. Arter Photo, Helena, Ark.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 176

Central Hall, Hazzard Hall in rear, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: one print cropped to 2 1/2 x 5 + one processing print + one 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal card + one 3 x 5 1/2 haltone proof).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 177

Central Hall at left; school buildings on right, undated 2 1/2 x 5.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 178

"The Pathway to knowledge [Looki]ng past Central Building far right [and th]e School Building. Note the [mag]nificient oak in the foreground.", undated 3 x 4 1/2. (D: one 3 x 4 1/4 halftone proof).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 179

Central Hall, undated

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 179a

"The Campus looking toward Central Hall. Manual Training Shop to the right.", undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 179b

Central Hall, undated 5 1/4 x 3. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 180

Central Hall, undated

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 180a

Central Hall, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 180b

Two unidentified men on sidewalk to Central Hall, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 181

School building and chapel, 1902 5 x 6 3/4 on 7 x 9 card.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 182

School building and chapel; annex built, 1910 4 3/4 x 6 3/4 on 8 x 10 card. (N: 35 mm) Photo Spangler, Helena, Ark.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 183

School building and chapel, undated 4 3/4 x 6 3/4 on 7 x 9 card. A. W. Arter Photo, Helena, Ark.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 184

School building and chapel, undated 5 x 7 on 7 x 9 card.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 185

"One of the original buildings, replaced by new laundry building", undated 4 1/2 x 6 1/2 on 7 x 9 card.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 186

School buildings, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/4. (Lantern slide 33) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 187

"Learning's Halls", undated 5 1/4 x 3. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4) (D: one print + one 2 1/4 x 2 halftone proof).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 188

School building, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/4. (Lantern slide 34) (Postal card) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2 ) (D: two postal cards cropped to 2 x 5 and 1 3/4 x 5 + one 1 3/4 x 5 halftone proof).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 189

Medford-Hazzard Hall. "Girls' dorm, since being remodeled last winter." Capacity 100, undated 4 3/4 x 6 1/2 on 7 x 9 card. A. W. Arter Photo, Helena, Arkansas.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 190

Hazzard Hall, undated 2 1/2 x 4.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 191

Hazzard Hall, undated 3 1/2 x 5 1/2. (Postal card) (Lantern slide 19) (D: one 3 x 5 1/2 print).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 192

Hazzard Hall, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 193

Hazzard Hall front porch, taken by Miss Shelly, undated 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 (image 2 1/2 x 4 1/4). (Postal card).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 194

Hazzard Hall, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (Processing print) (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 195

Hazzard Hall, undated 2 1/2 x 3 1/2.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 196

Pumphrey Hall, boys' dormitory, undated Attached label: "Pumphrey Hall used as the BOYS' DORMITORY. 5 yrs. service since above was taken." 5 x 6 1/4 on 7 x 9 card.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 197

Thornburgh-Pumphrey Hall, boys' dormitory, undated 4 3/4 x 6 3/4 on 8 x 10 card. Photo by Spangler, Helena, Arkansas.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 198

Pumphrey Hall, undated 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 199

Pumphrey Hall, undated 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: one print).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 200

Two boys walking from Pumphrey Hall, undated 2 1/2 x 4 1/4.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 201

Pumphrey Hall with carpenter shop and tool shed on left, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 202

Pumphrey Hall with carpenter shop, left; man, woman, dog on boardwalk to Pumphrey Hall. Double exposure; fainter image of boy with pig, undated 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: one 3 1/4 x 5 1/2 processing print).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 203

Carpenter shop, undated 4 1/2 x 6 1/2 on 8 x 10 card.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 204

"Carpenter shop--tool shed on right. Engine shed to left and girls' dorm in background" written on reverse, undated Written on image over tool shed: "tools." Double exposure? (Second image not clear.) 3 1/4 x 5 1/2.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 205

Carpenter shop and tool shed, undated 2 1/4 x 4 1/4.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 206

Engine shed, undated 4 x 5. (Processing print) (Lantern slide 39) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 207

Unidentified building, undated 4 x 5. (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 208

Laundry building, undated 4 x 5. (Processing print) (Lantern slide 41) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 209

Laundry building, undated 2 1/4 x 4 1/4.

series X: 4 Box 24 Item 210

Laundry building, undated 1 3/4 x 1 1/4.

subseries 5: Southland Farm,

1911-1921

Box 24 (16 Images)

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 211

Barn, erected, August 1921 1/2 x 5 1/2. (Banner) (D: one 3 1/2 x 5 halftone proof).

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 212

Unidentified building, wagons, horses, undated 2 1/4 x 4 1/4.

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 213

Fire, February 26, 1918 Identifications of buildings written in margins of print. 3 1/4 x 5 1/4. (N: two 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 214

Fire, February 26, 1918 "Oil and potato house" and "barn" identified on bottom margin of print. 3 1/4 x 5 1/4. (N: two 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 215

[eliminated, [eliminated]

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 216

[eliminated, [eliminated]

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 217

[eliminated, [eliminated]

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 218

[eliminated, [eliminated]

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 219

"Feeding the chickens", undated Former home of farmer, garden, woodshed, tool house; woman in floor-length skirt, apron, chickens. 4 3/4 x 6 1/2 on 7 x 9 card. [Albumen print?] A. W. Arter Photo, Helena, Arkansas.

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 220

Cotton field, July 1911 4 3/4 x 6 3/4 on 7 x 9 card. [Albumen print?] A. W. Arter Photo, Helena, Arkansas.

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 221

Potato patch, undated 4 3/4 x 6 1/2 on 7 x 9 card. [Albumen print?] A. W. Arter Photo, Helena, Arkansas.

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 222

"The new barn" and calves, undated 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) "The new barn" and cows.

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 223

"The new barn" and cows, undated

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 223a

"The new barn" and cows, undated 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: one 2 1/2 x 4 1/4 halftone proof).

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 223

"The new barn" and cows, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 224

Calves, undated 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 225

Hogs, undated 4 x 5. (Lantern slide 47) (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 5 Box 24 Item 226

Dog sitting up on hind legs, undated 1/2 x 3 1/4. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4) (D: one print).

subseries 6: Views of Southland Campus ,

1915-1916

Box 24 (12 Images)

series X: 6 Box 24 Item 227

View of campus, undated 7 3/4 x 9 3/4 on 8 1/2 x 10 1/2 card. [Toned albumen print?]

series X: 6 Box 29 Item 228

View of campus, undated 9 x 12. [Albumen print].

series X: 6 Box 24 Item 229

View from southwest: school buildings at right; girls' dorm left, undated 3 1/2 x 4 1/2. (N: 4 x 5) (D: one 4 x 5 processing print).

series X: 6 Box 24 Item 230

View from west: school buildings among trees; girls' dorms at left, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: one print cropped to 1 3/4 x 5 + one 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal card).

series X: 6 Box 24 Item 231

View from west, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 6 Box 24 Item 232

View from rear (north), showing boy'sdorm, college barn, Central Hall, girls' dorm, and school buildings (numbered on bottom margin, identified on reverse), April 1916 3 1/4 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 6 Box 24 Item 233

Looking west towards Southland, arrows on image pointing to Southland buildings, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: one processing print).

series X: 6 Box 24 Item 234

View from east, undated 4 x 5. (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 6 Box 24 Item 235

"Looking northwest across a field just behind the girls' dorm, showing Negro cabins", November 6, 1915 3 1/4 x 5 1/4.

series X: 6 Box 24 Item 236

View of fields of cotton and corn, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 6 Box 24 Item 237

Southland field, undated 4 x 5. (Lantern slide 45) (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 6 Box 24 Item 238

High water at Southland, horse in flooded field, undated 4 x 5. (Lantern slide 43) (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

subseries 7: Proposed New Site for Southland College,

1924

Box 24 (6 Images)

series X: 7 Box 24 Item 239

View #1, 1924 2 1/2 x 4. (N: 2 1/2 x 4 1/4) (D: 2 1/2 x 4 1/4).

series X: 7 Box 24 Item 240

View #2, 1924 2 1/2 x 4. (N: 2 1/2 x 4 1/4) (D: 2 1/2 x 4 1/4).

series X: 7 Box 24 Item 241

View #3, 1924 2 1/2 x 4. (N: 2 1/2 x 4 1/4) (D: 2 1/2 x 4 1/4).

series X: 7 Box 24 Item 242

View #4, 1924 2 1/2 x 4. (N: 2 1/2 x 4 1/4) (D: 2 1/2 x 4 1/4).

series X: 7 Box 24 Item 243

View #5, 1924 2 1/2 x 4. (N: 2 1/2 x 4 1/4) (D: 2 1/2 x 4 1/4).

series X: 7 Box 24 Item 244

View #6, 1924 2 1/2 x 4. (N: 2 1/2 x 4 1/4) (D: 2 1/2 x 4 1/4).

subseries 8: Southland, Arkansas,

1917-1919

Box 24 (17 Images)

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 245

Betty's home before she married. "The birds have the best house", undated 2 1/4 x 4. (Lantern slide 15) (D: one 1 1/2 x 2 halftone proof on leaf with 246D).

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 246

Betty's house after she married, June 1918 6 x 9. (Lantern slide 16) (D: one 1 1/2 x 2 halftone proof on leaf with 245D + one 2 3/4 x 5 print) Photo by Clark, Colorado Springs, Colorado.

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 247

Betty's home. "A better view of the vines since we trained them", August 1919 3 1/2 x 2 1/4.

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 248

Cottage home, "built and owned by Southland student." Result of proper school training, undated 5 x 7 on 8 x 10 card.

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 249

House of a former student, undated 2 1/4 x 4. (Halftone proof).

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 250

"Negro procession on way to baptizing", October 7, 1917 5 1/4 x 3. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 251

"Negro baptizing. Deacons going out into the pool.", October 7, 1917 3 1/2 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 252

"Negro baptizing", October 7, 1918 5 1/4 x 3. (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 253

"Cotton being 'carried' to Helena, Arkansas past Southland" (wagon and team), undated

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 253a

"Cotton being 'carried' to Helena, Arkansas past Southland" (wagon and team), undated 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: two prints).

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 253b

"Cotton being 'carried' to Helena, Arkansas past Southland" (wagon and team), undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: two 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 254

"Typical Negro home near Southland College", undated Double exposure; faint image of houses. 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 255

"Bonar's house and plantation (white man) on road between Southland College and Lexa, Arkansas. Old cotton compress shed in foreground", undated 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: one 3 1/4 x 5 1/2 processing print).

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 256

Unidentified house near Southland, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 257

Unidentified flooded house, undated 4 x 5. (Lantern slide 44) (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 258

Southland, Arkansas. "The post office and store, and that's all there is to Southland, Ark.", undated 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: one print + one 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal card).

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 259

Southland, Arkansas, stop on Missouri and North Arkansas Railroad, undated 3 3/4 x 4 1/2. (Lantern slide 13) (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 260

"Southland, Ark. stop on M. and N. A. (Missouri and North Ark. R.R.) The nearest railroad stop to Southland College, Arkansas, 1 3/4 miles.", undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2.

series X: 8 Box 24 Item 261

Southland depot, undated 3 1/2 x 5 1/2. (Postal card) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2) (D: four postal cards).

subseries 9: Lexa, Arkansas,

1916

Box 24 (3 Images)

series X: 9 Box 24 Item 262

"Just off the train at Lexa. Going to Southland.", undated 3 x 5 1/4.

series X: 9 Box 24 Item 263

"'Negro restaurant.' Sign reads 'Home Cooking' with menu and prices attached", April 1916 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 9 Box 24 Item 264

Lexa hotel next to restaurant, undated (2 1/4 x 4 1/2).

subseries 10: Helena, Arkansas,

1916-1917

Box 24 (16 Images)

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 265

View of Cherry Street, downtown Helena; brick road, trolley tracks, automobiles, undated 4 x 5. (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 266

View of downtown Helena, Cherry Street; brick road, trolley tracks, automobiles, undated 4 x 5. (Lantern slide 12) (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 267

Helena, Arkansas; dirt road, wagons and teams, motor truck, undated 3 x 5 1/4. (D: one print).

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 268

Helena; along river during flood? Collapsed railroad bridge?, undated 4 x 5. (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 269

"South end of Helena. Looking west from levee. New H[igh] S[chool] building in rear. Hills in background." Railroad [freight yard in foreground, January 7, 1916 3 x 5 1/4.

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 270

Helena; railroad tracks, water tower, undated 3 x 5 1/4.

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 271

Written on front: "High water on the Mississippi River, Helena. Submerged warehouse." Written on reverse: "January 7, 1916. Miss[issippi] River on a 'hi' at Helena, Ark. DeKoven, train ferry boat. White spot by trees, steamer and pile driving boat. Ed Myers [steamboat] at levee beyond warehouse. Submerged warehouse. U. S. Search boat this side of warehouse. Small boat by it, next to levee. Top of Iron Mountain R.R. station (black) above levee. Top of Ware and Solomon bldg. beyond station", January 7, 1916 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 272

Mississippi River boats at the Helena levee, undated

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 272a

Mississippi River boats at the Helena levee, undated 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 272b

Mississippi River boats at the Helena levee, undated 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 273

"Kate Adams [steamboat], on levee at Helena stranded upon receding of high water in June 1917.", November 10, 1917 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 274

"DeKoven R.R. ferry boat at Helena, Ark. Freight cars on board. Just backing away", undated 3 x 5 1/4.

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 275

Helena. "Steamer pushing scows up the Mississippi River", November 10, 1917 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2)

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 276

View of Mississippi River and steamboat from levee at Helena, undated 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 277

View of river from levee, undated 4 x 5. (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 278

Another view from levee, undated 4 x 5. (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 279

"Small dirt cliffs and wash along edge of road from Southland to West Helena, Ark. Shadow that of Otis Hill.", undated 5 1/4 x 3.

series X: 10 Box 24 Item 280

Unidentified road though cut, undated 3 1/2 x 4 1/2. (N: two 4 x 5) (D: one print).

subseries 11: Lula, Mississippi; West Helena; other Arkansas scenes,

1911-1917

Box 24 (33 Images)

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 281

Written on front: "Chicago Lumber Mill, West Helena, Ark." Written on reverse: "1-7-1916. Chicago Lumber Co. West Helena, Ark. Office, refuse burner, mills, log train, and crane.", January 7, 1916 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 282

Written on front: "Chicago Lumber Mill, West Helena, Ark." Written on reverse: "1-7-1916. Chicago Lumber Co. West Helena, Ark. Mills, log train, and crane in action.", January 7, 1916 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 283

Written on front: "Main Street, Lula, Mississippi, just across the river from Helena, Ark." Written on reverse: "Main Street. Lula, Miss. Jan. 7, 1917. Lula is on Illinois Central thru to the Gulf. Also on line to Helena, Ark. Notice mules under shed porch by Garage sign.", January 7, 1917 3 x 5 1/4. Photo by Hill?

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 284

"Lula, Mississippi.", January 7, 1916 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. Photo by Hill?

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 285

"Typical Arkansas village. From Missouri Pacific train--St. Louis to Helena, Ark. Early morning Oct. 6 [1917].", October 6, 1917 3 x 5 1/4.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 286

"Typical Arkansas town.", undated 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 287

"Lumber mill somewhere in Ark. Early morning Oct. 6, 1917.", October 6, 1917 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 288

"Arkansas cotton gin, Oct. 6, 1917. Wagons loaded with cotton, waiting their turn.", October 6, 1917 3 x 5 1/4. (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 289

"Arkansas scenery. Early morning Oct. 6, 1917. From Missouri Pacific train, St. Louis to Helena.", October 6, 1917 3 x 5 1/4.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 290

Written on front: "An Arkansas type." Written on reverse: "An Ark. cow. Average style.", undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 291

Unidentified house, fields, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/4.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 292

Unidentified wooded area, barn?, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 293

Unidentified streets, buildings, undated 5 1/2 x 3 1/4. (Processing print) (N: 5 1/2 x 3 1/4).

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 294

Unidentified house and buildings, undated 4 x 5. (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 295

Unidentified house, farm, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 296

Unidentified house, farm, undated 3 1/4 x 5 1/2. (Processing print) (N: 3 1/4 x 5 1/2).

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 297

Flooded area, undated 4 x 5. (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 298

Flooded area, undated 4 x 5. (Processing print) (N: 4 x 5).

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 299

"Elaine, Ark.", undated Flood scene with typed caption on the front. 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal card, with image 3 1/4 x 3 1/4.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 300

"Out of Commission." Written [on negative]: "Was St. L. and I.M.R.Y." [St. Louis and Iron Mountain Railroad], undated Flood scene with typed caption on the front. 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal card, with image 3 1/4 x 3 1/4.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 301

"Marooned on the St. L. I.M.R.R.", undated Flood scene with typed caption on the front. 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal card, with image 3 1/4 x 3 1/4.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 302

"Transferring passengers from St. L. I.M.R.R.", undated Flood scene with typed caption on the front. 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal card, with image 3 1/4 x 3 1/4.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 303

"St. L. I.M.R.R. near Marianna, Ark.", undated Flood scene with typed caption on the front. 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal card, with image 3 1/4 x 3 1/4.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 304

"Flood refugees coming in. Marianna, Ark." Written [on negative]: "Refugees.", undated Flood scene with typed caption on the front. 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal card, with image 2 1/4 x 4.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 305

"Thousands of sacks to strengthen the levee.", undated Flood scene with typed caption on the front. 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal card, with image 2 1/4 x 4.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 306

Written on reverse: "Depot Elaine.", undated Flood scene with typed caption. 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal card, with image 3 x 4.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 307

Flood scene (railroad crossing), undated 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal card, with image 3 x 4.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 308

View of sacks on levee, break (?) in levee, undated Flood scene. 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal card, with image 3 1/4 x 3 1/4.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 309

Typed on reverse: "Panther Forest Break. Below Arkansas City, Ark.", undated Flood scene with typed caption. 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal card, with image 3 x 5 1/4.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 310

Written [on negative]: "Panther Forrest Break below Ark. City #2.", undated Flood scene. 3 1/2 x 5 1/2 postal cards, with image 3 x 5.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 311

Idealized view of "Southland College and Normal Institute", undated 5 1/2 x 9. Engraving. R.J.H. Smith Co., Cincinnati, Ohio.

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 312

Calvin Clark and Alida Clark, "Founders of Southland College. 1864 to 1886." Copied from Southland College Catalog, 1911-1912 5 x 7. (Processing print, toned) (N: three 35 mm) (D: two processing prints, toned).

series X: 11 Box 24 Item 313

Joseph Dickinson, 1864-1896, and Edward Bellis, 1896-19--, "Corresponding Secretaries of the Southland College Board." Copied from Southland College Catalog, 1911-1912 5 x 7. (Processing print, toned) (N: two 35 mm) (D: one processing print, toned).

subseries 12: Scrapbook,

ca 1914-1925

Box 24 (1 Scrapbook)

A scrapbook (7 x 11), ca. 1914-1925, of 75 photographs was probably maintained by the Wolfords, and from 1922, by Raymond Jenkins. The photographs, some of which are identified, are of Southland students, alumni, faculty, parents, members of the Board of Home Missions, and of the campus and farm. Because the photos were attached to a very poor quality paper, they were removed, for preservation purposes, and placed within the photograph series. This positive photocopy represents a facsimile of the original scrapbook.

subseries 13: Cloth Display Banner (2' x 6'),

undated

Box 25

This cloth, with 38 pictures glued in place, was probably used in fund-raising activities for Southland by the Board of Home Missions of the Five Years Meeting of Friends. The 21 larger pictures (5 x 7) are views of Southland campus and farm. Most of the larger pictures are numbered and have a typewritten label description glued below each picture. The 17 smaller pictures (4 x 5) are of Southland community homes and the Southland farm. The smaller pictures are not numbered or labelled individually but are identified by one large typewritten label description glued on the cloth.

subseries 14: Glass Lantern Slides,

1916-1919

Box 26

These glass lantern slides of Southland, contained in a slotted wooden box, were probably also used in fundraising activities by the Board of Home Missions. There are 17 hand-colored slides numbers 1-17) and 33 black and white slides (numbers 18-50).

Most of the slides have corresponding photographs, which are identified in parentheses after each description.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 1

Interior of chapel/assembly room from northwest corner towards the front (photo 162), February 26, 1916 Colored Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 2

Girls in ironing room of the laundry (photo 122), undated Colored Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 3

Duncan Freeland, former student (photo 49), undated Colored Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 4

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Busby, whose four children attended Southland (photo 50), undated Colored Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 5

Bessie Fogle, Blanche Hudson, Bernice Pinkston, Willamette Mosby (photo 77), October 1917 Colored Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 6

The "Kitchen-ettes" (photo 65), October 1917 Colored Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 7

Oralee Brown, graduate college department (photo 32), 1919 Colored Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 8

Unidentified woman, Maggie Busby, and Roberta Jones, former students and teachers at Southland (photo 46), undated Colored Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 9

Two undentified girls in Southland uniform leaning against tree (photo 103), undated Colored Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 10

"Three of the older girls" (two unidentified students and Lucy Youngblood) (photo 81), undated Colored Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 11

Informal group portrait: "Southland, Ark. Jan. 1916. Some College turnips and some of the College boys." (photo 144), January 1916 Colored Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 12

View of downtown Helena, Cherry Street, brick road, trolley tracks, automobiles (photo 266), undated Colored Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 13

Southland, Arkansas, stop on Missouri and North Arkansas Railroad (photo 259), undated Colored Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 14

Irma Danzy and Judge Wilson (photo 72), undated Colored Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 15

Betty's home before she married (photo 245), undated Colored Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 16

Betty's home after she married (photo 246), June 1918 Colored Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 17

"Exhibit of vegetables grown on Southland farm (photo 150), undated Colored Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 18

Unidentified house, undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 19

Hazzard Hall (photo 191), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 20

Hazzard Hall, undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 21

David Smith, teacher (photo 12), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 22

Elementary girls on Hazzard Hall portch (photo 114), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 23

Dining room, undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 24

Unidentified man and James Williams (photo 63), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 25

Elementary grades, undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 26

Group of seven younger students (photo 111), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 27

Group of older boys (photo 124), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 28

Southland boys baseball club (photo 130), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 29

Elementary grades in front of school building (photo 112), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 30

Elementary grades, undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 31

Recess (photo 140), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 32

Recess (photo 141), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 33

School buildings (photo 186), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 34

School building (photo 188), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 35

School building, undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 36

Pumphrey Hall, undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 37

Playing baseball beside Pumphrey Hall (photo 138), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 38

Carpenter Shop, undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 39

Engine shed (photo 206), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 40

Unidentified man with mule team, undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 41

Laundry building (photo 208), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 42

Unidentified house, undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 43

High water at Southland, horse in flooded field (photo 238), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 44

Unidentified flooded farm (photo 257), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 45

Southland field (photo 237), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 46

Elementary grades on lawn (photo 113), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 47

Hogs (photo 225), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 48

Unidentified barn (photo 76), undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 49

Unidentified houses, undated Black and White Slide.

series X: 14 Box 26 Item 50

Unidentified building, undated Black and White Slide.

subseries 15: Duplicates,

undated

Box 27

Included here are duplicates (many of them copy prints) of all photographs in previous subseries marked with "(D)." These duplicates (aside from the suffix "D") have the same number as the photographs in Subseries 1-11.

subseries 16: Negatives,

undated

Box 28

Included here are negatives (either original negatives or copies) of prints in previous subseries marked with "(N)." These negatives (aside from the suffix "N") have the same number as the prints in Subseries 1-11.

END OF COLLECTION

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