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John Paul Hammerschmidt Papers, 1916-2009 (MC 1230)

John Paul Hammerschmidt, ca. 1972.

John Paul Hammerschmidt, ca. 1972.

  • Special Collections Department
    University of Arkansas Libraries
  • 365 N. McIlroy Avenue
    Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701-4002
    Phone: (479) 575-8444
  • Email:

Machine-readable finding aid encoded in EAD by Vera Ekechukwu, 2011.

Finding Aid is written in English.

Table of Contents

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Hammerschmidt, John Paul (1922- )
Title: John Paul Hammerschmidt Papers
Inclusive Dates: 1916-2009
Bulk Dates: 1966-1993
Identification: MC 1230
Extent: 1,221 linear feet (1204 boxes)
Repository: Special Collections Department, University of Arkansas Libraries

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Access Information

Please call (479) 575-8444 or email at least two weeks in advance of your arrival to ensure availability of the materials.

Use Information

Restrictions Apply: Materials in Series XVII and subseries 2-3 of Series XVI and are restricted and not available for research.

No Interlibrary Loan.

Standard Federal Copyright Laws Apply (U.S. Title 17).

Acquisition Information

The John Paul Hammerschmidt Papers were donated to the Special Collections Department, University of Arkansas Libraries, on May 2, 2005, by John Paul Hammerschmidt.

Processing Information

Processed by Felicia Thomas, Will Puddephat, Case Miner, Amy Allen, Danielle Hanson, Kerry King Jones, Alexandria Gough, Olivia Meeks, and Sarah Santos; completed in March 2010.

Preferred Form of Citation

John Paul Hammerschmidt Papers (MC 1230), Special Collections Department, University of Arkansas Libraries, Fayetteville.

See Special Collections Citation Guide for more detailed information on how to cite specific documents from the collection.

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Biographical Note

John Paul Hammerschmidt was born May 4, 1922 in Harrison, Boone County, Arkansas, the son of Arthur Paul and Junie Taylor Hammerschmidt. He attended The Citadel in South Carolina from 1938 to 1939, then the University of Arkansas until 1941. Hammerschmidt joined the Army Air Corps in 1942. He served with the Third Combat Cargo Group in the China-India-Burma Theater, flying numerous missions over "The Hump" (the eastern portion of the Himalayan Mountains) during World War II. He was awarded the Air Medal with four oak leaf clusters, the Distinguished Flying Cross with three oak leaf clusters, three Battle Stars, and the China War Memorial Medal by the government of the Republic of China.

After the war, Hammerschmidt returned to school at Oklahoma A&M in Stillwater until an illness in the family brought him home to Harrison to assume control of the family business (the Hammerschmidt Lumber Company). In 1948 he married Virginia "Ginny" Sharp of Harrison and they had one son, John Arthur, in May 1949. Hammerschmidt became an active member of the Republican Party in 1949. He served as a Harrison city councilman from 1948 to 1954, and again from 1961 to 1962. From 1960 to 1965 he served as President of the Boone County Industrial Development Corporation and in 1964 was head of the Harrison City Planning Commission. In 1960 Hammerschmidt attended the GOP Presidential Nominating Convention as Assistant to the State Chairman. In 1964 he served as a delegate to the Republican National Convention and also served as Chairman of the Arkansas Republican State Central Committee, a position he held until 1966.

In 1966 Hammerschmidt defeated incumbent James W. Trimble for the third district seat in the House of Representatives to become the first Republican elected to the House from Arkansas since Reconstruction. He served thirteen terms from 1967 until his retirement in 1993. One of his first initiatives was to sponsor the 1967 legislation to establish the Buffalo National River. During his tenure Hammerschmidt served as ranking member of the Veterans Affairs Committee and also served on the Public Works Committee. He was also active with the Ways and Means Committee, though he was not a member. In 1974 he was appointed to the Select Committee on Aging. In 1977 he was chosen as a delegate to the Middle East Peace Talks. In 1984 he served as a delegate on the first post-Vietnam War "official" party to Hanoi. In 1989 he was appointed to the President's Commission on Aviation Security and Terrorism (PCAST) sent to investigate the terrorist bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland.

After retiring from Congress in 1993, he served as Honorary Chairman of the Dole/Kemp campaign in 1996 and in 1998 was appointed by President Bill Clinton to the Metropolitan Airports Authority Board of Review.

Ginny Hammerschmidt passed away in January 2006. Congressman Hammerschmidt currently lives in Harrison.

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Scope and Content Note

The collection is divided into twenty-one series. Materials include biographical data, correspondence, legislative and committee materials, personal and office financial records, speeches, press releases, posters, audio and video tapes, and ephemera.

Congressman Hammerschmidt is referred to as JPH throughout this guide.

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Arrangement of the Papers

Materials are arranged and described in twenty-one series:

  1. Personal Materials
  2. Campaign Materials
  3. 90th Congress Materials
  4. 91st Congress Materials
  5. 92nd Congress Materials
  6. 93rd Congress Materials
  7. 94th Congress Materials
  8. 95th Congress Materials
  9. 96th Congress Materials
  10. 97th Congress Materials
  11. 98th Congress Materials
  12. 99th Congress Materials
  13. 100th Congress Materials
  14. 101st Congress Materials
  15. 102nd Congress Materials
  16. Office Administration
  17. Restricted Materials
  18. Audio Visual Materials
  19. Ephemera
  20. Oversize Materials
  21. Photographs

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Last updated: 9.20.12