DOIs: Digital Object Identifiers

What is a DOI?

DOIs (digital object identifiers) are unique alphanumeric codes assigned to each unique article, chapter, book, or other publication by publishers who cooperate in using the DOI standard. You will often find the DOI displayed prominently in the bibliographic information for a publication. Examples:

DOI Example from a Journal Article

DOI example from a journal article

How to find a DOI for a Citation

If you have a citation for a book or article in hand and would like to know if a DOI has been associated with it, you can use the Crossref Metadata Search tool or try the search box below.

How to find a Full Citation or Full Text from a DOI

Type or paste a DOI (e.g., 10.1080/10496500802690544) into the text box below. Our DOI Lookup service will check Find it! to try to find full text for your citation.

No full text? Don't give up! You can navigate directly to the DOI location to view the full citation.

How can I Navigate to an Item from a DOI?

The structure for DOI links is[doi]. Example: