Polydopamine Surface Coating Synergizes the Antimicrobial Activity of Silver Nanoparticles

by Niyonshuti, Isabelle I.; Krishnamurthi, Venkata Rao; Okyere, Deborah; Song, Liang; Benamara, Mourad; Tong, Xiao; Wang, Yong; Chen, Jingyi

Metal nanoparticles, especially silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), have drawn increasing attention for antimicrobial applications. Most studies have emphasized on the correlations between the antibacterial potency of AgNPs and the kinetics of metallic to ionic Ag conversion, while other antimicrobial mechanisms have been underestimated. In this work, we focused on the surface effects of polydopamine (PDA) coating on the antimicrobial activity of AgNPs. A method of fast deposition of PDA was used to synthesize the PDA-AgNPs with controllable coating thickness ranging from 3 to 25 nm. The antimicrobial activities of the PDA-AgNPs were analyzed by fluorescence-based growth curve assays on Escherichia coli. The results indicated that the PDA-AgNPs exhibited significantly higher antibacterial activities than poly(vinylpyrrolidone)-passivated AgNPs (PVP-AgNPs) and PDA themselves. It was found that the PDA coating synergized with the AgNPs to prominently enhance the potency of the PDA-AgNPs against bacteria. The analysis of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy elucidated that the synergistic effects could be originated from the interaction/coordination between Ag and catechol group on the PDA coating. The synergistic effects led to increased generation of reactive oxygen species and the consequent bacterial damage. These findings demonstrated the importance of the surface effects on the antimicrobial properties of AgNPs. The underlying molecular mechanisms have shined light on the future development of more potent metal nanoparticle-based antimicrobial agents.

ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
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1944-8252; 1944-8244