Temperature and viscosity dependence of the electron-transfer reaction between plastocyanin and cytochrome c labeled with a ruthenium (II) bipyridine complex
by Harris, Michele R.; Davis, Dan J.; Durham, Bill; Millett, Francis
The temperature and viscosity dependence of the photo-induced electron-transfer reaction between plastocyanin and cytochrome c labeled at Lys13 with Ru(4,4'-dicarboxybipyridine)(bipyridine)(2)(+2) have been investigated. In these studies, a short pulse of 450 nm light was used to excite the ruthenium complex which was oxidatively quenched by the iron center of cytochrome c. The resulting Fe(II) cytochrome c was then rapidly reoxidized by plastocyanin. The reactions were investigated over a temperature range of 3.5 to 37 degrees C under low ionic strength conditions such that protein/protein complex formation was favored. The enthalpy of activation was 7 kcal mol(-1) and the entropy of activation was -20 cal mol(-1) K-1. Increasing the viscosity by the addition of sucrose up to 70% resulted in a 4-fold decrease in the rate constant for electron transfer. The overall results suggest a rate-limiting step that involves either dissociation of the dominant protein/protein complex or surface diffusion of the associated proteins.