Treating osteoporosis by targeting parathyroid hormone to bone
by Ponnapakkam, T.; Katikaneni, R.; Sakon, J.; Stratford, R.; Gensure, R. C.
Osteoporosis is a major public health problem despite widespread use of bisphosphonate therapy. PTH(1-34) is a more effective treatment; but its use has been limited by side effects (hypercalcemia, tumor risk) and inconvenient dosing (daily injection). Long-acting forms of PTH are also effective but cause severe hypercalcemia, presumably from effects in kidney. We hypothesized that targeted delivery of PTH to bone using a collagen binding domain (PTH-CBD) could reduce hypercalcemia. PTH-CBD is cleared from serum within 12 hours after subcutaneous administration. In ovariectomized rats, monthly administration of PTH-CBD increased spinal BMD by 14.2% with no associated hypercalcemia. Such bone-targeted anabolic agents may ultimately allow the superior efficacy of anabolic therapy to be obtained with the dosing convenience of bisphosphonates.