Charge-Transfer Salts of Benzene-Bridged 1,2,3,5-Dithiadiazolyl Diradicals - Preparation, Structures, and Transport-Properties of 1,3-[(S2n2c)C6h4(Cn2s2)][X] and 1,4-[(S2n2c)C6h4(Cn2s2)][X] (X=I,Br)

by Bryan, C. D.; Cordes, A. W.; Fleming, R. M.; George, N. A.; Glarum, S. H.; Haddon, R. C.; Mackinnon, C. D.; Oakley, R. T.; Palstra, T. T. M.; Perel, A. S.

Cosublimation of 1,3- and 1,4-benzene-bis(1,2,3,5-dithiadiazolyl) and iodine/bromine affords crystals of the mixed valence salts 1,3- and 1,4-[(S2N2C)C6H4(CN2S2)][X] (X = I, Br). The crystal structures of the two iodide salts consist of perfectly superimposed stacks of molecular units with interannular spacing along the stacks of 3.487(3) and 3.415(2) Angstrom for the 1,3- and 1,4-derivatives. In both compounds the iodines are disordered along the stacking direction. The 1,3-derivative has a highly one-dimensional structure; there are no short intercolumnar S-S interactions. In the 1,4-derivative, however, lateral S-S contacts of 3.911 Angstrom afford some measure of three-dimensionality. The bromide salt of the 1,4-derivative consists of ribbons of alternating 1,4-[(S2N2C)C6H4(CN2S2)](+) units and bromide ions. Within each molecule one heterocyclic ring is closed shell, i.e., a [CN2S2](+) cation, while the other is a discrete radical. The ribbons are layered in zigzag fashion that maximizes ion pairing and isolates the radical centers. The bromide salt of the 1,3-derivative also forms ribbon-like arrays, but the unit cell repeat consists of four layers of ribbons. Within these layers the [CN2S2] rings are approximately stacked. The four rings within the repeat unit along each stack consists of three rings clustered into a trimeric [CN2S2](+)(3) cation, while the remaining ring is a discrete [CN2S2](+) cation. Magnetic susceptibility and conductivity measurements on the two iodide salts indicate weakly metallic behavior at room temperature, with a charge density wave (CDW) driven metal-insulator phase transition occurring near 270 and 190 K for the 1,3- and 1,4-derivatives, respectively. For the 1,4-derivative, analysis of the CDW wavevector associated with the transition affords a degree of charge transfer of 1/4 of electron per radical, i.e., an overall formulation of [(S2N2C)C6H4(CN2S2)](0.5+)[I](0.5-). The bromide salt of the 1,3-derivative is a closed shell insulator, while in the 1.4-bromide the isolated radical centers are antiferromagnetically coupled.

Journal of the American Chemical Society
Start Page
1520-5126; 0002-7863