Wavelength dependence of laser-induced nanowelded microstructures assembled from metal nanoparticles

by Rogers, Ariel; Niyonshuti, Isabelle I.; Ou, Jun; Shrestha, Diksha; Chen, Jingyi; Wang, Yong

Light-based nanowelding of metallic nanoparticles is of particular interest because it provides convenient and controlled means for the conversion of nanoparticles into microstructures and fabrication of nanodevices. Here, we demonstrated the wavelength dependence of laser-induced nanowelded shapes of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). We observed that the nanowelded microstructures illuminated by the 405 nm laser only were more branched than those formed with illumination of both the 405 nm and 532 nm lasers. We quantified this observation by several compactness descriptors and examined the dependence of the power of the 532 nm laser. More importantly, to understand the exptl. observations, we formulated and tested a hypothesis by calculating the wavelength-dependent elec. field enhancement due to surface plasmon resonance of the AgNPs and nanowelded microstructures when illuminated with lights at the two wavelengths. Based on the different patterns of "hot spots" for welding AgNPs from these calculations, numerical simulations successfully "reproduced" the different shapes of nanowelded microstructures, supporting our hypothesis. This work suggests the possibility of light-based controlling the shapes of laser-induced nanowelded microstructures of metallic nanoparticles. This work is expected to facilitate the development of better nanowelding strategies of metallic nanoparticles for broader applications.

arXiv.org, e-Print Archive, Physics