Alternative routes toward high quality CdSe nanocrystals
by Qu, Lianhua; Peng, Z. Adam; Peng, Xiaogang
Different kinds of safe, common, and low-cost compounds were proven to be good solvents/precursors for the synthesis of high quality CdSe nanocrystals. The size, shape, and crystal structure of CdSe nanocrystals synthesized by these alternative routes can be varied in a controllable manner in a very broad size range, from about 1.5 nm to above 25 nm. Without any size sorting, the size distribution of the wurtzite nanocrystals in the size range smaller than about 15 nm can be readily controlled as narrow as with 5-10% relative standard deviation. The highest photoluminescence quantum efficiency of the nanocrystals was up to 20-30%. Cd(Ac)(2) and fatty acids were found to be the most versatile cadmium precursor and solvent/ligand, respectively. The synthesis of high quality CdSe nanocrystals in the current systems is not feasible when the system contains any anions from a strong acid, either in the form of a cadmium precursor or as an added cadmium ligand. The experimental results indicate that the synthesis of high quality colloidal nanocrystals is far less delicate than it has been thought to be.
- Nano Letters
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