Lipid interactions of acylated tryptophan-methylated lactoferricin peptides by solid-state NMR

by Greathouse, Denise; Vostrikov, Vitaly; McClellan, Nicole; Chipollini, Juan; Lay, Jack; Liyanage, Rohana; Ladd, Taylor

Lactoferricin (LfB) is a 25-residue innate immunity peptide released by pepsin from the N-terminal region of bovine lactoferrin. A smaller amidated peptide, LfB6 (RRWQWR-NH2) retains antimicrobial activity and is thought to constitute the "antimicrobial active-site" (Tomita, Acta Paediatr Jpn. 1994: 36: 585-91). Here we report on N-acylation of 1-Me-Trp(5)-LfB6, Cn-RRWQ[1-Me-W]R-NH2. where Cn is an acyl chain having n = 0, 2, 4, 6 or 12 carbons. Tryptophan 5 (Trp(5)) was methylated to enhance membrane binding and to allow for selective deuteration at that position. Peptide/lipid interactions of Cn-RRWQ[1-Me-W]R-NH2 (deuterated 1-Me-Trp(5) underlined), were monitored by solid state P-31 NMR and H-2 NMR. The samples consisted of macroscopically oriented bilayers of mixed neutral (dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine, DMPC) and anionic (dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol, DMPG) lipids in a 3:1 ratio with Cn-RRWQ[1-Me-W]R-NH2 peptides added at a 1:25 peptide to lipid ratio. H-2-NMR spectra reveal that the acylated peptides are well aligned in DMPC:DMPG bilayers. The H-2 NMR quadrupolar splittings suggest that the 1-Me-Trp is located in a motionally restricted environment, indicating partial alignment at the membrane interface. P-31-NMR spectra reveal that the lipids are predominantly in a bilayer configuration, with little perturbation by the peptides. Methylation alone, in CO-RRWQ[1-Me-W]R-NH2, resulted in a 3-4 fold increase in antimicrobial activity against E. coli. N-acylation with a C 12 fatty acid enhanced activity almost 90 fold.

Journal of Peptide Science
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1099-1387; 1075-2617