Far-field second-harmonic fingerprint of twinning in single ZnO rods

by Liu, S. W.; Zhou, Huajun; Ricca, Aaron M.; Tian, Z. Ryan; Xiao, Min

The third-rank susceptibility tensor that describes the second-harmonic generation changes sign after an inversion operation indicating its sensitivity to twinning structures. Here, we show the far-field scattering patterns of second-harmonic (SH) radiation generated by single twinned and twin-free ZnO rods. The patterns have been successfully correlated with the twinning structures. A finite dipole-wire model has been effectively employed to model the pattern. It indicates that the dark or bright fringes at the 0 degrees scattering angle originate as a result of the destructive or constructive interference of SH waves emitted from each halves of the twinned or twin-free ZnO rod.

Journal
Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)
Volume
77
Issue
11
Year
2008
Start Page
113311
ISBN/ISSN
2469-9969; 1098-0121
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevB.77.113311