Pt-Ni Seed-Core-Frame Hierarchical Nanostructures and Their Conversion to Nanoframes for Enhanced Methanol Electro-Oxidation

by Chen, Shutang; Wu, Haibin; Tao, Jing; Xin, Huolin; Zhu, Yimei; Chen, Jingyi

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Pt-Ni nanostructures are a class of important electrocatalysts for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. This work reports a systematic study on the reaction mechanism of the formation of Pt-Ni seed-core-frame nanostructures via the seeded co-reduction method involving the Pt seeds and selective co-reduced deposition of Pt and Ni. The resultant structure consists of a branched Pt ultrafine seed coated with a pure Ni as rhombic dodecahedral core and selective deposition of Pt on the edges of the cores. Both the type of Pt precursor and the precursor ratio of Pt/Ni are critical factors to form the resulting shape of the seeds and eventually the morphology of the nanostructures. These complex hierarchical structures can be further graved into hollow Pt-Ni alloy nanoframes using acetic acid etching method. The larger surface area and higher number of low coordinate sites of the nanoframes facilitate the electrocatalytic activity and stability of Pt-Ni alloy for methanol oxidation as compared to their solid counterparts. This study elucidates the structural and compositional evolution of the complex nanoarchitectures and their effects on the electrocatalytic properties of the nanostructures.

Journal
Catalysts
Volume
9
Issue
1
Year
2019
Start Page
39
ISBN/ISSN
2073-4344
DOI
10.3390/catal9010039