The pH dependence of staphylococcal nuclease stability is incompatible with a three-state denaturation model

by Spencer, Daniel Steven; García-Moreno, Bertrand E.; Stites, Wesley Eugene

Six single substitution mutations, V66F, V66G, V66N, V66Q, V66S, V66T, and V66Y, were made in the background of a highly stable triple mutant (P117G. H124L, and S128A) of staphylococcal nuclease. The thermodynamic stabilities of wild type staphylococcal nuclease, of the stable triple mutant and of its six variants were determined by guanidine hydrochloride denaturation in thirteen different buffers spanning the pH range 4.5 to 10.2. Within experimental error the values of Delta G(H2O) and m(GuHCl) for the various proteins measured over this wide range of pH maintain a constant offset from one another, tracing a series of approximately parallel curves. This data offers an independent means of determining the error of stabilities and slopes determined by guanidine hydrochloride denaturations and shows that previous error estimates are accurate. More importantly, this behavior cannot be reconciled with a three-state denaturation model for staphylococcal nuclease. The large variations in m(GuHCl) observed in these mutants must therefore arise from other causes. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Biophysical Chemistry
Start Page
1873-4200; 0301-4622