Flanking aromatic residue competition influences transmembrane peptide helix dynamics

by McKay, Matthew J.; Greathouse, Denise V.; Koeppe II, R. Erdman

To address biophysical principles and lipid interactions that underlie the properties of membrane proteins, modifications that vary the neighbors of tryptophan residues in the highly dynamic transmembrane helix of GW(4,20)ALP23 (acetyl-GGAW(4)A(LA)(6)LAW(20)AGA-amide) were examined using deuterium NMR spectroscopy. It was found that L(5,19)GW(4,20)ALP23, a sequence isomer of the low to moderately dynamic GW(5,19)ALP23, remains highly dynamic. By contrast, a removal of W4 to produce F(4,5)GW(20)ALP23 restores a low level of dynamic averaging, similar to that of the F(4,5)GW(19)ALP23 helix. Interestingly, a high level of dynamic averaging requires the presence of both tryptophan residues W4 and W20, on opposite faces of the helix, and does not depend on whether residue 5 is Leu or Ala. Aspects of helix unwinding and potential oligomerization are discussed with respect to helix dynamic averaging and the locations of particular residues at a phosphocholine membrane interface.

Journal
FEBS Letters
Volume
594
Issue
24
Year
2020
Start Page
4280
ISBN/ISSN
0014-5793; 1873-3468
PMID
32931020
DOI
10.1002/1873-3468.13926