Expanding the genetic code of Salmonella with non-canonical amino acids

by Gan, Qinglei; Lehman, Brent P.; Bobik, Thomas A.; Fan, Chenguang

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The diversity of non-canonical amino acids (ncAAs) endows proteins with new features for a variety of biological studies and biotechnological applications. The genetic code expansion strategy, which co-translationally incorporates ncAAs into specific sites of target proteins, has been applied in many organisms. However, there have been only few studies on pathogens using genetic code expansion. Here, we introduce this technique into the human pathogen Salmonella by incorporating p-azidophenylalanine, benzoyl-phenylalanine, acetyl-lysine, and phosphoserine into selected Salmonella proteins including a microcompartment shell protein (PduA), a type III secretion effector protein (SteA), and a metabolic enzyme (malate dehydrogenase), and demonstrate practical applications of genetic code expansion in protein labeling, photocrosslinking, and post-translational modification studies in Salmonella. This work will provide powerful tools for a wide range of studies on Salmonella.

Journal
Scientific Reports
Volume
6
Year
2016
Start Page
39920
ISBN/ISSN
2045-2322
PMID
28008993
DOI
10.1038/srep39920