Continuous and Discontinuous Dynamic Crossover in Supercooled Water in Computer Simulations
by Ma, Zhonghua; Li, Jicun; Wang, Feng
The dynamic crossover behavior of supercooled water as described by the first-principle based WAIL potential was investigated. Below the second liquid liquid critical point, the viscosity shows a discontinuous jump consistent with a first-order phase transition between the high density liquid and the low density liquid. Above the critical point, a continuous transition occurs with only the first derivative of viscosity being discontinuous, and the dynamic crossover temperature is about 8 K below the thermodynamic switchover temperature. The 8 K shift can be explained by a delay in dynamic crossover, which does not occur until the more viscous liquid starts to dominate the population and jams the flow. On the basis of finite-size effects observed in our simulations, we believe that dynamic discontinuity may be observable above the critical point in confined water when the confinement is on a length scale shorter than the spatial correlation.
- Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
- Start Page
- 1089-5639; 1948-7185